Chippewa- AT-69 - History

Chippewa- AT-69 - History

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Chippewa IV

(AT-69: dp. 1,240; 1. 205'; b. 38'6"; dr. 15'4"; s. 16 k.;
cpl. 85; a. 1 3"; cl. Cherokee)

The fourth Chippewa (AT-69) was launched 25 July 1942 by Charleston Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. Charleston, S.C.; sponsored by Mrs. T. Horton an] commissioned 14 February 1943, Lieutenant (junior grade) A. V. Swarthout in command.

Chippewa crossed the Atlantic from Norfolk to Casablanca to lay buoys there between 4 May 1943 and 9 June, returning to Boston 26 June. Two days later, she cleared for Norfolk and overhaul, and on 19 July began towing duty with a passage to Bermuda and Jacksonville. Assigned to duty in the Caribbean Sea Frontier she made Trinidad British West; Indies, her principal base until 6 May 1944, when she returned to Norfolk for repairs. On 15 May she was reclassified ATF-69.

With repairs complete 11 June 1944, Chippewa returned to towing and salvage duty in the Caribbean out of Trinidad until 29 March 1945. After repairs at Norfolk, she was reassigned for duty based on Argentia Newfoundland, between 19 May and 1 November. During this time, she made a long towing voyage to Houston Tex. Chippewa made her last towing passage from Boston to Bermuda to Norfolk, where she arrived 28 December with SS War Bonnet in tow. In March 1946 Chippewa sailed to Orange, Tex., where on 26 February 19.47 she was decommissioned and placed in reserve.

Dive The USS Chippewa

Launched in 1942, the U.S. Navy tugboat USS Chippewa The Chippewa performed standard towing and salvage duty from the Caribbean to Newfoundland from 1943 until 1946 when she made her final voyage to Orange, Texas, to be decommissioned.

The Job of The USS Chippewa

Besides towing and salvage, this ship also laid mooring buoys in Casablanca in 1944, broke tugboat speed records, and once carried a torpedo bomber on her fantail.

The Sinking of The USS Chippewa

44 years after her final voyage, it was sunk in 1990 to become a Navy training platform.

Second Life of The USS Chippewa

The Chippewa now sits upright on the bottom in 100 feet of water, serving the Panama City Experimental Dive Unit as a training platform, and offering a great dive for spotting marine life.

About The Chippewa Tribe

The Chippewa tribe has about 150 bands in the United States. As of 2010, the total population of the tribe is 170,742. The tribe were exceptional fur trappers and also trapped beavers for trading.

The Chippewa tribe speaks the Algonquian language. Initially, the tribe was known as Ojibwe. This name was later corrupted by English and changed to “Chippewa.” The French referred to them as Saulteurs or Sautuex, which means “People of the Falls.”


The primary weapons of the Chippewa tribe were bows and arrows. They also adopted various clubs like hatchet axes, knives and lances, Bird Head clubs, and spears. With the arrival of the traders from Europe, they also added rifles to their list of weapons.

The food habits of the Chippewa tribe were based on the availability of natural resources in the regions. Usually, they fed on fishes, squirrels, deers, beavers, raccoons, and bears.

The tribe also consumed pumpkin, corn, beans, and squash.

Those who predominantly resided in the Great Plains relied on buffaloes for their meals. Sometimes, the people also hunted wild turkeys, bears, and deer. Roots, veggies, and wild fruits were also a part of their diet.


The NDRF was established under Section 11 of the Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946 to serve as a reserve of ships for national defense and national emergencies.

NDRF vessels were used in seven wars and crises. During the Korean War, 540 vessels were broken out to move military forces. During a worldwide tonnage shortfall in 1951󈞡, more than 600 ships were reactivated to carry coal to Northern Europe and grain to India. From 1955 through 1964, another 600 ships were used to store grain for the Department of Agriculture. Another 223 cargo ships and 29 tankers were activated during a tonnage shortfall after the Suez Canal was closed in 1956. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, 18 vessels were activated and remained in service until 1970. Another 172 vessels were activated for the Vietnam War.

Ready Reserve Force

In 1976, a Ready Reserve Force component was established as a subset of the NDRF to provide rapid deployment of military equipment and later became known as the Ready Reserve Force, which numbers 72 vessels. These are crewed with a reduced crew but kept available for activation within four, five, ten or twenty days. [2]

An additional 28 ships are held under United States Maritime Administration (MARAD) custody for other Government agencies on a cost-reimbursable basis.

Recent News

Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe Reservation Restoration Act

The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe Reservation Restoration Act, signed into law by the President on December 23, 2020, transfers 11,760 acres of public land, currently managed by the Chippewa National Forest, to the Department of the Interior to be held in trust for the benefit of the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe.

Active Timber Sales

Timber sales that the forest is currently accepting bids for.

Explore Chippewa Valley History

Eau Claire City Directories: In collaboration with the ResCarta Foundation, the 1880-1923 city directories for Eau Claire are now on the Library’s website.

All the directories can be searched at one time by choosing just “City Directories” or choose which one you want to look at. (These directories and those newer than 1923 can also be found in the Library’s Reference area and in Special Collections.) You may also click below on a year to search a particular directory.

Eau Claire Historical Photographs

The library has partnered with the Chippewa Valley Museum to provide access to its significant collection of photographs depicting life in Eau Claire and in the surrounding area.

Collection access will continue to grow, so check back. In collaboration with the ResCarta Foundation, these photographs may be searched all at once or by clicking on an individual collection. Collections:

In collaboration with the ResCarta Foundation, these Eau Claire area histories from the Library’s Special Collections area are now on the Library’s website. All the histories can be searched at one time by choosing just “Local Area History” or choose which one you want to look at.

Eau Claire Area Histories
Art Work of Eau Claire and Chippewa Counties (1901)
Beginnings of Community: Eau Claire, Wisconsin 1860-1880 by Orry Walz (1985)
Breaking the Chippewa to Harness by Wisconsin-Minnesota Light and Power Company (1916)
Bussell’s Atlas of the City of Eau Claire, Wisconsin by Charles E. Bussell (1888)
Charter of the City of Eau Claire, Wisconsin (1872)
Chippewa Valley Business Directory (1873)
Chippewa County, Wisconsin, Vol. 1 by S.J. Clark Publishing Company (1913)
Chippewa County, Wisconsin Vol. 2 by S.J. Clark Publishing Company (1913)
Chippewa Valley Business Directory for 1873 Directories of Eau Claire, Chippewa Falls, Menomonie, Augusta, Durand, Bloomer, Eau Galle by Gorer & Ludlow, Free Press Print (1873)
Early Eau Claire by William W. Bartlett (1926)
Eau Claire County Statistical Reports, 1912-1979
Eau Claire, Heartland of the Chippewa Valley : an Illustrated History by Jane Hieb and Elizabeth Perkins (1988)
Eau Claire of To-day (191-?)
Eau Claire, Wisconsin 1850-1880: A Case Study in Community Organization and Social Deviance by Orry C. Walz (1986)
Eau Claire, Wisconsin, 1850-1880: A Case Study in community Organization and Social Deviance: Research Notes from the Eau Claire Weekly Free Press, Sept., 1858-Jan., 1881 by Orry C. Walz (1986)
Eau Claire’s Carnegie Library & Historic City Hall prepared by Helen Young for the Eau Claire Landmarks Commission
Facts for the Immigrant Concerning Barron County, Wisconsin by Orville Brayton (1871)
Final Report Intensive Historic/Architectural Survey of the City of Eau Claire, Wisconsin by Mary Taylor (1983)
The First 100 Years: Eau Claire Police, 1872-1972 by Eau Claire, WI Police Department (1972)
Historical and Descriptive Souvenir Album of the City of Augusta, It’s People and Surroundings by C. Wes Warner (1900)
History of Barron County by Newton S. Gordon (compiled by Franklyn Custiss-Wedge) (1922)
History of Buffalo County, Wisconsin by L. Kessinger. (1888)
History of Clark County, Wisconsin by Franklyn Curtiss-Wedge (1918)
History of Eau Claire County, Wisconsin, Past and Present by W. F. Bailey. (1914)
History of Northern Wisconsin (1881)
Honor Roll, Chippewa County, Wisconsin by William F. Kirk
Howdy Neighbor: Welcome to Eau Claire by Eau Claire Chamber of Commerce
Letters of a Pioneer: Early Lumbering Days by O. H. Ingram. (1916)
*Lumbering on the Chippewa: The Eau Claire Area, 1845-1885. Dale Arthur Peterson. (1970)
The March of Civilization: A Story of the Development of the Cornell Country by Jennie Kean Porter (1916)
Plat Book of Chippewa County, Wisconsin by C. M. Foote (1888)
Plat Book of Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. (1928?)
The Public Library in Eau Claire, 1860-2009 by Katherine Sullivan & Larry Nickel (2010)
Railroad Celebration Held at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, August 11, 1870
Remembering the Valley by Will Denson (1993)
*The Rivers Flow On a Record of Eau Claire, Wisconsin from 1910-1960 by Lois Barland (1965)
*Sawdust City: A History of Eau Claire, Wisconsin from the Earliest Times to 1910 by Lois Barland (1960)
Souvenir Programme, Ben Hur, Company E, 3rd National Guard
Standard Atlas of Chippewa County, Wisconsin: Including a Plat Book of the Villages, Cities and Townships of the County by Geo. A. Ogle & Co (1920)
Standard Atlas of Eau Claire County, Wisconsin : Including a Plat Book of the Villages, Cities, and Townships of the County by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. (1910)
*The author continues to hold the copyright to this work. The work is available for educational purposes only and any other use of the material by anyone is prohibited without written consent by the author or subsequent copyright holders.
City of Eau Claire, Wis (1890)
City of Eau Claire, Wis by F.W. A. Pauly (1905)
Eau Claire, County Seat of Eau Claire Co. by Snyder, Van Veckten & Co. (1877)
Map of Building Zone Plan of the City of Eau Claire, Wis. / adopted by ordinance by the Common Council of Eau Claire, Wis. (1924)
Map of Eau Claire (Section 1) by Phoenix Map Co. (1875)
Map of Eau Claire (Section 2) by Phoenix Map Co. (1875)
Map of Eau Claire (Section 3) by Phoenix Map Co. (1875)
Map of Eau Claire (Section 4) by Phoenix Map Co. (1875)
Map of Eau Claire, Wis (1913)
Map of Eau Claire, Wisconsin by Eau Claire Book & Stationery Co. (1920)

Take a trip and discover the bygone days of the great logging era in Wisconsin and the Chippewa Valley, the early history of Eau Claire and more through these historical videos.

The Wisconsin Loggers Malcolm Rosholt (1907-2005), author of The Wisconsin Logging Book. 1839-1939 (1980) and Lumbermen on the Chippewa (1982) takes a nostalgic overview of the great logging era in Wisconsin from the last half of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century.

Part 1: King of the Woods (1989) (44:33 min.)* Takes the viewer into the lumber camps and into the woods. Includes a re-enactment of an actual logging operation staged in a pine forest of Marathon County featuring modern day lumberjacks using axes, crosscut saws, canthooks, sleighs and horses. Part 1A (15:16 min.) Part 1B (15:16 min.) Part 1C (14:01 min.)

Part 2: Rivers and Raftsmen (1990) (42:38)* Features log driving crews, dams and sorting works on the northern rivers concluding with the rafting of lumber to market on the Wisconsin, Chippewa an Mississippi Rivers. Part 2A (15:16 min. Part 2B (15:16 min.) Part 2C (12:06 min.)

Part 3: Sawmills and Sawdust (1990) (40:10 min.)* Takes the viewer into an authentic “up and down” sawmill of the type used before the advent of the circular saw. Live footage also includes visits to modern sawmills at Neopit and Tigerton, Wisconsin and concludes with the making of a model lumber raft, built to scale, plus old photographs of the great rafting fleets en route to market. Part 3A (15:15 min.) Part 3B (15:16 min.) Part 3C (09:38 min.)

The Fallin’ of the Pine: Logging on the Chippewa River, 1850-1900* (Produced and written by Daniel J. Perkins and Richard L. Pifer) (1986?) (15:16 min.) History of the Chippewa Valley told through vintage pictures.

Remembering the Valley (by Will Denson) (1993) (123:30 min.)* A musical based on the early history of Eau Claire, Wisconsin. (Presented at the University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire June 14-26, 1993) (Director: Merlaine Angwall Thomson) Part 1 (31:34 min.) (Note: a “fade from black” occurs during the first four and one half minutes of Part 1) Part 2 (31:34 min.) Part 3 (31:36 min.) Part 4 (28:46 min.)

Front Door, Back Door: a History of Changing Attitudes in the Chippewa Valley (Chippewa Valley Museum, Produced and Directed by Harry Carnes, written by Sharon Hildebrand) (1998) (26 min.)* Part 1 (17:02 min.) Uses historical and contemporary photographs and on-site photography to present the history of the use of rivers and public attitudes about rivers in the Chippewa Valley. Part 2 (7:52 min.)

*This work is covered under its original copyright and is not in the public domain. The work is available for educational purposes only and any other use of the material by anyone is prohibited without the written consent of the copyright holder or subsequent holders.

High school life in the early years of Eau Claire Senior High.

The Kodak, the annual yearbook issued by Eau Claire High School, Eau Claire Senior High and currently Memorial High School, is digitized on the library’s website from 1900 through 1923 and in print form in the library’s Special Collections from 1893 to the present. View copies of the Kodak from 1900-1923.

All copies of the Kodak are found in Special Collections and may be requested at the Information and Reference desk for use in the library.

Contact Information & Reference at 715-839-5004 or by e-mail at [email protected]

The following titles are links to full-text web pages. These materials are also available from the library in book format.

Description and Travel
Frontier Retreat on the Upper Ohio.

St. Croix Ojibwa Chief Ma-Ko-day (Chief Peter Bearheart) and his wife, grandson, and another unidentified person in front of their birch hut located in the Rice Lake Encampment. View the original source document: WHI 95391

The St. Croix Band settled in the St. Croix River valley as the Ojibwe dispersed over the Wisconsin and Minnesota area. At the signing of treaties in 1837 and 1842, the St. Croix band had a &ldquodistinct identity,&rdquo providing chiefs and warriors to sign both documents. Later, on the Treaty of 1854, there are no St. Croix signatures. As a result, the St. Croix band beca me a &ldquoLost Band,&rdquo similar to the Sokaogan, with no land base to call their own until the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act. For eighty years, the St. Croix band faced challenges in loss of land and hunting rights, as white settlers began to increase. Resources diminished as logging increased, though the industry provided jobs for some St. Croi x men.

Once the IRA was passed, the band was able to establish reservation lands. The St. Croix Reservation is made up of small areas of lands representing communities in Barron, Burnett, Polk and Douglas Counties totaling 4,689 acres and nearly 3,000 people. The five major communities are Sand Lake, Danbury, Round Lake, Maple Plain, and Gaslyn. Today, the community is governed by a Tribal Council. The largest area employers include casinos, hotels and government offices. The tribe employs many members at their Tribal Center buildings, which include a Health Department, Family Resource Center, Housing Authority, Construction Company, Historic Preservation Department, Youth Center and the other departments.

Activity 2. A Class Research Project on Migration and the Anishinabe's Changing Culture

The class as a whole can conduct research on the tribe's origins and historical migration. In the following lesson, students can divide into groups, and each group will develop a research project to present to the class and write up individually on one aspect of the history and culture of the Anishinabe.

Introduce students to the concept and process of a research paper. Summarize for your students the following steps: explore the subject find a topic locate relevant information analyze the issues organize your arguments and finally, write the paper.

Explain to students that, like all communities, the Anishinabe/Ojibwe were influenced in their ways of life - clothing, food, lodging, transportation, etc. -- by their geographic location and environment. The Anishinabe were originally a woodland people living in the general area of the Great Lakes that spans what are now Michigan in the United States and Ontario, Canada. Situate the Anishinabe people within their region of the United States by having the class locate the tribe on a map and indicate the historical migration patterns of the group to point out where the people originally lived and where they live today.

Describe how climate changes, trade with Europeans beginning in the 17th century, war with other tribes, and displacement through treaties made during the 19th century that signed away land to the U.S. government, contributed to the relocation of the Ashinabe/Ojibwe people. These factors influenced the movement of most Native peoples throughout North and South America, and during the 1800s, many American Indians were forced by the U.S. government to move onto reservations that continue to exist today.

To use the Internet to do collaborative research on this topic, you can display a computer-projected image to the entire class or assign individuals or small groups to look up specific Web pages on individual computers, or print out the Web pages and distribute copies to the students. You can use the following sources of information as well as other resources for the class research. Please note that some of the Web sites contain material written at a fairly advanced reading level for purposes of the class research project, you may want to lead the students through the resources to show them how to select information that is appropriate to the topic and also to their reading and comprehension levels.

  • Information about the different migration patterns of the tribe can be found at History of the Ojibway People, available through NativeWeb. You need to scroll down to the fourth paragraph to find the appropriate text then view the map.
  • The following information is from the Ojibwe History website, available through the EDSITEment-reviewed resource NativeWeb:
  • The Ojibwe most likely originally lived along the Hudson Bay, near the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes.
  • The first Ojibwe, Ottawa and Potawatomi bands moved to the east side of Lake Huron around 1400, when the North America climate became colder.
  • Ojibwe moved west to Lake Superior and Wisconsin's Apostle Islands.
  • By 1623, the Ojibwe were concentrated in the eastern half of upper Michigan.
  • Through fur trade with the French and war with other Indian Nations such as the Iroquois, the Ojibwe expanded to the east, south, and west after 1687.
  • During their wars with the Iroquois, the Ojibwe moved down both sides of Lake Huron, and by 1701 controlled most of lower Michigan and southern Ontario.
  • The Ojibwe followed the French fur trade west during the 1720s, moving beyond Lake Superior and into a war with the Dakota (Sioux) in 1737.
  • Over the next century, the Ojibwe forced the Dakota out of northern Minnesota and Wisconsin.
  • In the late 1700s, some bands reached Manitoba and North Dakota and adopted the plains lifestyle, continuing west into Montana and Saskatchewan.
  • Meanwhile, other Ojibwe moved south to settle in northern Illinois.
  • By 1800, Ojibwe were living in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Michigan, Minnesota, Michigan, North Dakota, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio.
  • White settlement ultimately took most of their land and forced them onto reservations, but with the exception of two small bands, the Ojibwe have remained in their homeland.
  • Canada recognizes more than 600 First Nations - more than 130 of which are Ojibwe (at least in part). These are located in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.
  • In the United States, 22 Chippewa groups have federal recognition.

Useful maps and information written at a fairly high reading level about several contemporary Ojibwe/Chippewa reservations in Wisconsin are located at the Great Lakes Intertribal Council Website, available through NativeWeb. Reference this site for a list of tribes with links to locations and current cultural events for specific Ojibwe/Chippewa bands, scroll down to the bottom of each page for the link to the tribal band website. Tribal bands include: Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Sokaogon Chippewa Tribe (Mole Lake) and St. Croix Chippewa Tribe.

Using these and other resources, you can have students take turns writing notes on the board for the entire class. Have each student supply the main ideas and details for the topic of migration and changing culture. Then, allow the class to dictate sentences and write up a short essay based on the information acquired through the collaborative research process. You can also create a Works Cited list to demonstrate the format for bibliographic citations. This essay can serve as a model for the small group research projects in Activity 3.

Niinwe Anishinaabek Ndaawmi

Niinwe nswi shkwaadeng ndijibaami, Odawak, Ojibwek miinawa Bodwe'aadamiik. Waabinong nikeyaa giiyenh ngiibijebaami maanpii mshiikenh minising. Gwanda dash emanidoo'aadizijik epangishmok nikeyaa giiyenh gaazhaami giikidwok piinish ode miijim zaakiik gidji nbiing. Mii saa giimkaamaang we minomin zaakiik, mii saa giidwaashinaang endaayaang.

Ngiintaameshtoongemi kina gwaaji gaapaazhizhaayaang Waabinong, Epangishmok, Kiiwedinong miinawa Zhaawanong nikeyaa. Ngiimnadenmigoominaanik kina gwayaa. Piich dash gwanda Wemtigoshok dekwshinwat maanpii ngiimeshtoonmowaanaanik gewiinwa miinawa gwa gewe Zhaaganaashak. Giimiigaadiwok dash gewe Wemtigoshok miinawa Zhaaganaashak. Kaawiin aanin giimiigaasiiwok, aanin dash wiigwa Wemtigoshiin giinaadamowaawaan miinawa aanin Zhaaganaashiin giinaadamowaawaan. Zhaaganaashak dash giipkinaawewok, Kiiwedinong nikeyaa giizhaawok gewe Wemtigoshok. Giiyaabi dash wiigwa kina gwayaa giimeshtoongewok.

Mii dash gwa miinawa giimiigaading, Kchimookamaanak miinawa Zhaaganaashak. Piich dash gaashkwaamiigaading gwaanda naagaanzijik kchigemaa gamgong eyaajik, mzinigan giizhibiiyaanawaa maanda aki nji wiisigoyaang maanpii akiing. Ademnik dash wiigwa ngiimiinigoomi ntam. Ngiigewsemi, ngiigiigonhkemi pane gwa gaabinaankiiyaang ngiinaankiimi.

Giiyaabi dash miinawa bezhik mzinigan giizhichigaade mii dash kina kega giinaachtooyaang waadaayaang. Aapidji gwa baangii aki ngiishkwaanmaagomi. Niibinaa nching gii'aandakwaanigewok gewe kchimookmaani gemaak. Kaawiin giizhichigesiiwok gaakidwat.

Mii dash pama wiikaa giinikendaagwok gegeti gwa giiyaabi anishinaabek ndaawmi. Mii dash miinawa giizhibiigeyaang maaba Ben Peshaba pii giigemaawit, kaawiin giizhaabsesno. Mii gwa miinawa gwating maaba Caspen Ance giigemaawit, kaawiin miinawa giizhaabsesno. Mii gwa miinawa gwating maaba Dodi Haris Chamber giigemaawit. Mii saa we pii giinsidwenaagoyaang gegpii. Niin ntamwe dash mziniganan ngiizhibiiyaanaanin. Niinwe dash ndogemaami maanpii nangwaa. Naadamaadimi kina gekaajik miinawa eshkiniigejik.

Chippewa- AT-69 - History

1969 On July 20th, one of mans crowning achievements occurred when American Astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the Moon and uttered the immortal words "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." The opposition to the war continued to increase with more and more attending anti-war demonstrations and demanding that the U.S. withdrew from Vietnam. The music came from groups including the Doors, Led Zeppelin, Janis Joplin and the Beatles. The most famous music festival of modern times, "WOODSTOCK", took place on a New York farm on August 15th-17th with more than 400,000 avid music fans attending to see the Who, Jimi Hendrix, Crosby Stills Nash and Young and others perform live. Fashions reflected the anti war sentiment with military jackets adorned with peace signs, and other trends including long, unkempt, wild hair and headbands showed the feelings of anti-establishment felt by the youth.

How Much things cost in 1969
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 5.46 %
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 800
Average Cost of new house $15,550.00
Average Income per year $8,550.00
Average Monthly Rent $135.00
Average Cost New Car $3,270.00
Toyota Corona $1,950.00
Gas per Gallon 35 cents
Alarm Clock from Westclox $9.98

What Events Happened in 1969

  • Richard Nixon becomes President of the United States
  • 250,000 march on Washington in protest at the Vietnam War
  • The first man landed on the moon on the Apollo 11 mission by the United States and Neil Armstrong and Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the Moon. The famous words "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." will become part of our history
  • RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 entered service
  • Golda Meir of Milwaukee, Wisconsin , USA, becomes Prime Minister of Israel
  • Robin Knox-Johnston becomes the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping
  • The very first U.S. troop withdrawals are made from Vietnam
  • Chappaquiddick Affair Senator Edward Kennedy driving a car plunges into a pond and a body of a woman passenger is found in the car
  • Members of a cult led by Charles Manson murder five people
  • Hurricane Camille hits the Mississippi coast killing 248 people
  • Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc
  • Charles de Gaulle Resigns as French President
  • A bomb is exploded in a bank in Milan, Italy
  • Rising Inflation is a worldwide problem
  • The Death Penalty is Abolished in the UK
  • Woodstock attracts more than 300,000 rock-n-roll fans
  • Police forces in the United States crack down on student protests
  • The U.S. Air Force closed its Project (Blue Book) concluding there was no evidence of UFO's
  • A free concert organized by the Rolling Stones is held at Altamont Speedway in Livermore, Calif with problems caused by the use of Hells Angels as Bouncers resulting in a number of deaths.
  • The groundbreaking TV program Monty Python's Flying Circus is shown for the first time and the catch phrase "And now for something completely different," becomes its trademark.
  • Sesame Street, known for its Muppet characters, makes it's debut on PBS.
  • The Beatles' last public performance is on the roof of Apple Records.
  • The Beatles release their final album "Abbey Road".
  • The Love Bug
  • Funny Girl
  • Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
  • True Grit
  • Midnight Cowboy
  • Chitty Chitty Bang Bang
  • Easy Rider
  • Where Eagles Dare
  • The Rolling Stones " Honky Tonk Woman"
  • James Brown
  • The Beatles with " Get Back and Come Together "
  • Johnny Cash " Daddy Sang Bass "
  • Bob Dylan
  • Crosby, Stills and Nash
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival
  • John Denver
  • Simon and Garfunkel
  • Fleetwood Mac
  • Marvin Gaye
  • The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  • Cream
  • Pink Floyd
  • " In The Year 2525 " by Zager and Evans
  • " Sugar Sugar " by The Archies
  • Elton John
  • David Bowie
  • First Concorde test flight is conducted in France
  • First transplant of human eye
  • Seiko sells the first Quartz Watch
  • The Harrier Jump Jet enters service with the RAF
  • The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is founded
  • The first automatic teller machine (ATM or Cash Machine) is installed in the United States
  • Creation of ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet
  • The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its debut. It carried 191 people, most of them reporters and photographers, from Seattle to New York City.
  • UNIX is invented
  • The Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, the epitome of the American muscle car, is introduced.
  • The Microprocessor (a miniature set of integrated circuits) is invented, opening the way for the computer revolution that followed

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )

Watch the video: Huckberry x Chippewa - Behind The Brand (June 2022).


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