The Huguenots

The Huguenots

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The name Huguenot (meaning "confederate") was applied to French Protestant followers of John Calvin in the 16th and 17th centuries. By 1560, the Huguenots may have accounted for only 10 percent of the French population, but their number included many prominent officials and noblemen.France was marred by the Wars of Religion (1562-98), which pitted Roman Catholic forces against the Protestants. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572, in which tens of thousands of Huguenots were killed. By this time the Huguenots claimed much of their support from middle-class businesspeople and craftsmen — the backbone of the French economy.The tide shifted against the Protestants during the reigns of kings Louis XIII and Louis XIV, when Roman Catholicism was in the ascendant. What followed was the almost total evacuation of the Huguenot population, leaving France solidly Roman Catholic, but lacking many of its most productive citizens.Huguenot refugees settled in New York, Massachusetts and South Carolina, as well as many western European countries.

Watch the video: The legacy of the Huguenots in London BBC London News (June 2022).


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