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Graham DD-192 - History

Graham DD-192 - History


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Graham

Secretary of the Navy William A. Graham was born in 1804 and died 1875. Graduating from University of North Carolina 1824, he was admitted to the bar 1826. From 1833 he repeatedly was elected to House of Commons, of which he was speaker 1839 . From 1840-43 he was in the U.S. Senate, and 1844 and 1846, elected Whig governor of North Carolina, declining a third term. From 1850 52, he was Secretary of the Navy, when he organized Perry's Expedition to Japan, during the administration of President Filmore.

(DD-192: dp. 1,215; 1. 310'0"; b. 30'11"; dr. 9'4";
s.35k.:cpl.122:a.4’4":1 3"~:12 21"tt.)

Graham ( DD-192) Torpedo Boat Destroyer, was launched 22 March 1919 by the Newport News Shipbuilding Drydock Co., Newport News, VA., sponsored by Mrs. Robert F. Smallwood, granddaughter of Secretary of Navy William A. Graham; and commissioned at Norfolk, VA. Navy Yard, 13 March 1920, Lt. Comdr. Paulus P. Poweli in command.

Assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, after several trial runs on East Coast, Graham was at first given the special duty, together with two other U.S. Destroyers, of a moving picture boat carrying the moving picture photographers, in connection with the International Cup Race, under the auspices of the New York Yacht Club, beginning 15 July 1920 and on alternate days thereafter until 27 July when the Race was completed.

Graham then joined the Atlantic Torpedo Fleet at Newport, R.I., for exercises and training along the east coast. and for neutrality patrol and exercises off Guantanamo Bay and in Canal Zone. In 1921, she participated in combined division, squadron and fleet maneuvers off South America, visiting Callao, Peru, and Balboa, C.Z., before returning to Hampton Roads, where she took part in the Presidential Fleet Review at Norfolk, VA., in April 1921. She also participated in the historic bombing tests on former German ships off the Virginia coast that summer. 27 October, in company with the 20th Division, she escorted S.S. Paris, on which General Fooch was a passenger, to New York, and convoyed that up Ambrose Channel, N.Y. Then she commenced antiaircraft practice. On 12 November 1921 she had a change of status from operative commission to reduced complement. She was en route to New York from Charleston, S.C., when on 16 December she collided with SS Panama off the New Jersey coast and had to return to New York.

Graham decommissioned at New York Navy Yard 31 March 1922, and was sold for scrapping, 19 September 1922.


From 1833 to 1840 Graham was a member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Orange County, serving twice as speaker.

In 1840 Graham was elected as a Whig to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Strange, and served from November 25, 1840, to March 3, 1843. In the Twenty-seventh Congress he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Claims. His older brother, James Graham, had been representing North Carolina in the House since 1833.

From 1845 to 1849 Graham was Governor of North Carolina. Having declined appointments as ambassador to Spain and Russia in 1849, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy in the cabinet of President Millard Fillmore in 1850, and served until 1852. In the 1852 presidential election he was the unsuccessful Whig nominee for vice president, as Winfield Scott's running mate. Returning to North Carolina, he was a member of the state senate from 1854 to 1866, and senator in the Confederate Congress from 1864 to 1865.


History of the Graham Family

The treatment and torture dealt out to these pious religious people, who held tenaciously to the principles of the Presbyterian faith, by the [2] church of England, under the false cloak of religion, would of itself fill a volume much larger than that contemplated in these pages, and reference is merely made to show the stern and unwavering character of a people who were driven from post to pillar, and suffered almost unendurable hardships and degradations, rather than depart from a principle which they believed to be the teachings of the Bible, as well as having the approval of their conscience. Thus, more than two centuries ago our ancestral parents left their beautiful homes in their native land, and looking for the last time on the green sloping swords of the Grampian Hills and bid farewell forever to the graves of their fathers and mothers, and left behind all that was near and dear to them, even as their own lovely Scotland, and took up their march for the Emerald Isle, in the vain hope that the persecutions and trials which had hitherto made life hideous, would cease and they would be free to exercise their faith[,] which had so long been the desire of their conscience. [3] But alas! for human expectations. Their sojourn is but for a while, until the broad and inviting land across the Atlantic bade them once more take up their line of march and plant their homes in the New World, where they would be free to worship God according to the dictates of their own conscience, unhindered by church or state. Among the many families who thus emigrated from Scotland to Ireland and later from Ireland to America, we might mention the following names: Forbesses, Stuarts, Hamiltons, Montgomerys, Alexanders, Grahams, Shaws, Moores, Lewises, Pattons, Mathews, Prestons, Baxtons, Lyles, Grigsbys, Crawfords, Comminses, Browns, Wallaces, Wilsons, Caruthers, Campbells, McClungs, McCues, McKees, McCowns, Lockridges, Boyds, Barclays, McDonals and Baileys, described as, “knights and gentlemen of Scotland, whose prosperity holds good to this day.” They were Irish Presbyterians, who, being of Scotch extraction, were called Scotch-Irish.

[4] These names are to-day familiar house-hold words of the names of our own land and are but a repetition, and of the same lineal descent of their noble ancestors, who, more than two centuries ago stood ever firm to the Magna Charta of Scottish rights, and rallied under their brave banners, emblazoned with the faith of their own creed, in the famous golden letters, “For Christ’s Crown and Covenant,” they waited undaunted, the tyranny of their foes.

As we have said, their sojourn in Ireland was but temporary, as to a large proportion of those who emigrated there. Of course, many hindered by poverty and other causes no doubt, made that their permanent home.

The relief which they sought, they found but temporary in their new found homes in Ireland. Under the rule of tyrant kings, their suffering and punishment was endurable only for its contrasts with their former suffering. Tithes and taxes demanded from their wrecked estates to support a church, not of their own choice restrained [5] from speaking their own opinions living in a strange land dwelling among enemies of their faith, all combined to make them an unhappy and restless people. Longing for new homes, the silent whispers came across the ocean that the Mayflower, years before had landed others, persecuted like themselves, safely on the other side of the blue waters. This gave them hope. “For thou, O, God, hast proved us, and thou hast tried us as silver is tried thou broughtest us into the net thou layest afflictions upon our loins thou hast caused men to ride over our heads we went through fire and through water but though broughtest us out into a wealth place.” Gathering together what little worldly goods they possessed, which was very meagre, and often nothing, save their Bible. They embarked for the New World, landing upon the banks of the Deleware, [sic] and many rested for a season in the land of Pennsylvania.

William Penn, having been formerly a subject of the King of England, and witnessed the perse- [6] cution of his own church (though he himself was a favorite of King James) it was but natural that these people should seek out in the New World, those that had been persecuted for conscience sake in the old world.

Among those who sought fresh relief and new homes amid the untrodden forests of America, few stood higher or occupied positions more exalted than the Grahams. During that bloody, treacherous, and ever memorable struggle in England, Ireland and Scotland, in which King James was dethroned, and William, Price of Orange, a presbyterian, became his successor — a time when no man could remain neutral, but, all must declare, either for the time honored established church of England the papistry of King James or for that faith which they believed to be taught in Holy Writ. According to the dictates of their own conscience, the Grahams occupied prominent positions on either side.

One Richard Graham, known as Viscount Preston, held the position of Secretary of State of [7] Scotland, under King James, about the year 1685 and history tells us that he was one [of] the privy council, and most trusty advisers of the king that his plans and recommendations were often adhered to, rather than those of the king himself. As a leader of the House of Commons, he counseled King James to reassemble the Houses of Parliament, in order to secure a peaceful settlement of differences between church and state. He was also made Lord Lieutenant for both the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, a position very rare and remarkable for one man to occupy.

During the absence of King James from the throne, who, on account of his fear of opposers, had fled to Salisbury, Richard Graham and four associates were appointed a committee, known as the Council of Five, to transact the business of the Throne until such time as might be deemed expedient for the king to return.

The positions of high honor and trust, held and occupied by this one man were many, and to rehearse [8] them all in detail, would require more space than it is our purpose here to consume in this brief sketch suffice it to say that he seems to have been a leader of his party in both civic and military affairs a minister at the courts of foreign countries honored, trusted and adhered to, and we might add, obeyed by kings feared and esteemed by the House of Commons, and held in the highest respect by the common people. While he was true and devoted to King James, in the sense of patriotism, it does not appear that he was a persecutor of those who differed from the king’s religious views.

James Graham, of Claverhouse, viscount of Dundee, was also a noted character in that eventful struggle, and while his persecution of those who differed from the religious persuasions of King James, must ever be deplored, we take consolation in the fact that he but carried out the dictates and decrees of his Master. That his fidelity to the king was ever true through life, and even in the hour of death, is fully substantiated [9] in his last utterance, after having spent an eventful life in the king’s cause.

After King James had vacated the throne, and William and Mary had been triumphantly crowned, and the armies of James abandoned and scattered, General Graham, with his indomitable will and ever-to-be admired energy, hoping against hope, collected together such as he could of the remaining fragmentary army of his escaped master and repaired to the Highlands of Scotland, where he succeeded in interesting the Scottish Chiefs of those Highland Clans, in behalf of the cause of the late king. The remoteness of these semi-barbarians from the active scene of war, coupled with their disinclination to inform themselves of the nature of the conflict, soon led them through the fluency of Graham’s speech to espouse his cause. Having sought and obtained the sympathy of all the principal chiefs of the various clans, he assembled them together and a council was held to decide the mode of warfare. The detached fragmentary of the army whom [10] Graham hitherto commanded, chagrined with former defeats, protested against a battle with those who espoused the cause of King William. While the leaders of the Highland Clans urged immediate assault, saying their men were ready and eager for the fray.

General Graham was influenced by the counsel of the Highlanders, assuring them that he would lead them to victory that he himself would march in front of his army to this, his subordinate officers objected, saying, he was too valuable a leader to expose his person in front of the battle, and urged him to remain in the rear and dictate the movements of his army in the on-coming conflict. To this Graham replied, “your people are accustomed to seeing their leader in the van of battle, and there I shall be seen this day, but after the decision of this day, I shall be more careful of my person and not expose myself in action as heretofore has been my custom.” After that statement, his army was commanded to move forward, himself being in the lead. [11]

Soon the foe was met and the battle of Killikrankie was fought. Early in the engagement Graham was shot, having raised his hand above his head and standing erect in his stirrups, giving command, his shield or armour raised above his waistband, exposing his person, when the ball took effect, he fell from his horse and one of his subordinate officers coming up to him, inquired if his injuries were fatal, Graham answered by saying, “How goes the cause of the king?” The attendant answered, “the cause of the king is well how is your lordship?” Graham replied, “it matters not for me, so the cause of the king is safe.” These were his last words. Though dying on the field, his army won a great victory and the battle of Killikrankie has passed into history, as one of the most memorable events of that time. History hands down to us other names of the Grahams, who were more or less noted in their day and time, of which we might mention, Malcolm Graham, who is last, but by no means least, stood high in society and was [12] bound with a golden chain by King James the II to Ellen Douglass, the girl he loved so well dishonoring thus thy loyal name.

Fetters and warden for the Greame (Graham)
His chain of gold the king unstrung
The links o’er Malcolm’s neck he flung,
Then gently drew the glittering band,
And laid the clasp on Ellen’s hand.

SCOTT’S LADY OF THE LAKE.From the above selection it will be noticed that the name is spelled Greame. Whether the author drew upon his poetical license for this misnomer or whether the name was sometimes so spelled by the Scotts, we are unable to determine.

In the early settlement of this country, when people paid but little attention to the orthography of names — the name was often spelled Grimes. There seems, however, to have been no authority whatever for this contortion of the name.

The only excuse that might be offered for this misapplication of the name is that the names of the early settlers were scarcely, if ever, seen in print and but seldom in writing, but were handed [13] orally from one to another, thus giving plenty of opportunity for misunderstandings. We can recall many names, which in our youth were pronounced differently from what they now are. To illustrate, the name Stevenson was called “Stinson” the name Withrow was called “Watherow” Stodghill was called “Stargeon” and so on. We even find in this day a few of the old-styled fathers and mothers who do not like to discontinue the old-fashioned way of expressing these names.

The Graham name in all English history and in the history of our country, as well as in all the legal writings pertaining to the family, from the earliest settlement in America down to the present time, is spelled as we now have it — Graham.

The people of Scotland of the same family tree were known as clans and these clans seem to have been bound together by very strong and endearing ties.

Such were the adhesion of these family clans that they kept themselves almost entirely aloof [14] from other clans marriage and intermarriage by members of one clan to another was scarcely admissible. If a member of one clan provoked or insulted a member of another clan, the insult was resented by the clan whose member had been insulted thus we find arose many of the clan feuds, with which Scottish history so much abounds.

Each clan had its official head chief or leader, whose duty it was to dictate to his people such a course as seemed to him most wise and discreet or that happened to please the whims of his own fancies. In military affairs this leader or chief was expected to occupy the most dangerous positions and to perform the most daring of the exploits in the heat of battle. He must either win a victory, in which he performed some noble part, or die in defeat.

The Graham clan was a very large and influential one, and, perhaps, at the time of its greatest power, had for its official head James Graham, the Earl of Montrose, who laid down his life for love to his king.

[15] It is claimed in Scottish history that the Graham family dates back for a thousand years, and has been conspicuous in the annal of their country, “from hovel to the palace, in arts, in eloquence and in song”. “It was a daring man by the name of Graham that first broke through the walls of Agricola which the Roman general had built between the firths of the Clyde and Forth to keep off the incursions of the Northern Britons, and the ruins of which, still visible, are called to this day the ruins of Graham’s Dyke”.

From Scotland to Virginia

The first immigration of the Grahams to this country, of which we have any account, occurred about the year 1720 to 1730, the exact date of which cannot now be known.

It is, however, a matter of history that one Michael Graham settled in Paxtong Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, about the date referred to and that he was a direct descendant of the Earl of Montrose, who was beheaded. The descendants of Michael Graham afterwards settled in the Valley of Virginia and became noted [16] for their scholarly attainments, as well as their religious zeal.

Of these, however, we may speak further on. It is known that at or near the same period of the coming of Michael to this country other members of the same family, kith and kin, also settled in this country, among whom were John Graham (the writer’s great grandfather), who settled for a time, it is believed, in Pennsylvania and later moved to the Great Calf Pasture River in Augusta county, Virginia. It is to be regretted that we cannot give the exact date of the settlement on the Calf Pasture River, but conclude that not earlier than the year 1740, nor later than 1745.

We find that he purchased a tract of six hundred and ninety-six acres of land in the year 1746, from John Lewis and James Patton. It will be remembered that John Lewis was the first settler in Augusta county, or rather in the territory which afterwards became Augusta, having planted his home in the then remote wilderness in the [17] year 1732, at Belle Fontaine Springs near Staunton. He was the father of General Andrew Lewis who commanded in the famous battle of Point Pleasant in 1774. John Graham (whom we will call senior) reared a family of four sons and five daughters on the banks of the Calf Pasture and died there about the year 1771, born about the year 1700. His oldest son’s name was Lanty (Lancelot). The names of the other three were John, James and Robert. His daughters’ names were Jane, Elizabeth, Anne, Rebecca and Florence, who was the writer’s grandmother on his mother’s side, she having married James Graham (her cousin).


William A. Graham

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About William Graham, Governor, U.S. Senator

William Alexander Graham (1804-1875)

  • William Alexander Graham, also known as William A. Graham — of Orange County, N.C. Born near Lincolnton, Lincoln County, N.C., September 5, 1804. Whig. Lawyer member of North Carolina house of commons, 1833-40 U.S. Senator from North Carolina, 1840-43 Governor of North Carolina, 1845-49 U.S. Secretary of the Navy, 1850-52 candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1852 member of North Carolina state senate, 1854-66 Senator from North Carolina in the Confederate Congress, 1864-65. Died in Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, N.Y., August 11, 1875 (age 70 years, 340 days). Interment at Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Hillsborough, N.C.

William Alexander Graham (September 5, 1804 – August 11, 1875) was a United States Senator from North Carolina from 1840 to 1843, the 30th Governor of North Carolina from 1845 to 1849 and United States Secretary of the Navy from 1850 to 1852. He was also a candidate for the vice-presidency in 1852.

Graham was born near Lincolnton, North Carolina. His Scotch-Irish grandfather James Graham (1714-1763) was born in Drumbo, County Down, Northern Ireland and settled in Chester County in the Province of Pennsylvania. William A. Graham graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he was a member of the Dialectic Society. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1825, and commenced practice in Hillsborough.

From 1833 to 1840 Graham was a member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Orange County, serving twice as speaker.

In 1840 Graham was elected as a Whig to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Strange, and served from November 25, 1840, to March 4, 1843. In the Twenty-seventh Congress he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Claims. His older brother, James Graham, had been representing North Carolina in the House since 1833.

From 1845 to 1849 Graham was Governor of North Carolina. Having declined appointments as ambassador to Spain and Russia in 1849, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy in the cabinet of President Millard Fillmore in 1850, and served until 1852. In the 1852 presidential election he was the unsuccessful Whig nominee for vice president, as Winfield Scott's running mate. Returning to North Carolina, he was a member of the state senate from 1854 to 1866, and senator in the Confederate Congress from 1864 to 1865.

In 1866 Graham was once again elected to the United States Senate, but because North Carolina had not yet been readmitted to the Union, he did not present his credentials. From 1867 to 1875 he was a member of the board of trustees of the Peabody Fund, which provided educational assistance to the post-Civil War South. From 1873 to 1875 he was an arbitrator in the boundary line dispute between Virginia and Maryland. He died in Saratoga Springs, New York, and is buried in the Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Hillsborough.

The United States Navy ship, USS Graham (DD-192), the World War II Liberty ship SS William A. Graham, and the city of Graham, North Carolina were all named for him.

Montrose Gardens, located in Hillsborough, North Carolina, is one of Graham's former estates and still features some of the structures Graham and his family had built on the property.

One of Graham's sons, also named William A. Graham, became a state legislator and state agriculture commissioner. Two others, Augustus and John, also became politicians, while a daughter, Susan, married Walter Clark.

by Max R. Williams, 1986 5 Sept. 1804� Aug. 1875

See also: William Alexander Graham, Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History,

Portrait of William Alexander Graham by William Garl Browne, circa 1845-1875. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.Portrait of William Alexander Graham by William Garl Browne, circa 1845-1875. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.William Alexander Graham, lawyer, planter, and governor, was the eleventh child and youngest son of Joseph and Isabella Davidson Graham. He was born on Vesuvius Plantation, the family home in eastern Lincoln County. Both parents were staunch Presbyterians of Scotch-Irish ancestry their progenitors had migrated first to western Pennsylvania before resettling in the more congenial climate of Mecklenburg County. An iron entrepreneur and sometime public servant, Joseph Graham (1759�) had achieved local fame as a young but dedicated Revolutionary officer. Isabella Davidson Graham (1762�) was the accomplished daughter of the John Davidsons whose Mecklenburg home, Rural Hill, was renowned as a seat of gracious living. John Davidson, himself a Revolutionary patriot, was a substantial farmer and practical blacksmith who, with his sons-in-law Alexander Brevard and Joseph Graham, pioneered the Catawba River valley iron industry. The Grahams and Davidsons were noted for their sagacity, frugality, diligence, and public spirit. William A. Graham embodied these familial traits.

Under the supervision of a devoted father, now a widower, young Graham enjoyed the pleasures of a rural boyhood, learned the rudiments of plantation and furnace management, and prepared for a professional career. He attended classical schools in nearby Lincolnton and Statesville before completing preparatory education in the Hillsborough Academy. In January 1821, after an examination by Professor William Hooper, he was admitted to The University of North Carolina. An active member of the Dialectic Society, Graham was an able, industrious student who shared first honors in the distinguished class of 1824.

Subsequently, as was customary for aspiring lawyers in that day, he studied with an established attorney. Graham's mentor was the eminent Thomas Ruffin, of Orange County, who later became an outstanding jurist and chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. By March 1828, having received county and superior court licenses, Graham had established a practice as a member of the highly competitive Hillsborough legal community. Within a few years he became one of the more successful members of the North Carolina bar, maintaining a lucrative practice until his death. In time he owned three plantations worked by slave labor, although agriculture was never his primary interest.

It was always necessary that Graham earn a livelihood for himself and his numerous family, but clearly the law and agriculture were secondary in importance to his abiding preoccupation with public affairs. Prompted by a sense of noblesse oblige, he entered public life in the early 1830s just as new political alignments were emerging. Graham joined with other opponents of Andrew Jackson to form the Whig party. Associated with the Federal wing of that party in the state and nationally, he embraced Henry Clay's American System—supporting a national bank, a judicious tariff, federally financed internal improvements, and the distribution of excess treasury funds to the states. Despite the vicissitudes of sectional controversy and political change, he remained a conservative but ardent Unionist. However, with other Southern Unionists, he was destined to experience grave disappointments as secession, Civil War, and Reconstruction became realities.

If officeholding is any criterion, few North Carolinians have enjoyed public confidence for so long as Graham. This fact is more notable because his aristocratic bearing seems incompatible with the rise of democracy which paralleled his years in politics. He was borough representative from Hillsborough in the legislatures of 1833, 1834, and 1835 and, after the constitutional reforms of 1835, he represented Orange County as a member of the House of Commons in the 1836, 1838, and 1840 legislative sessions. He was speaker of the House of Commons in the latter two sessions. From December 1840 to March 1843, he represented North Carolina in the U.S. Senate. There he generally supported Clay in his dispute with "His Accidency," President John Tyler, but not to the extent of endangering the national Whig party. Displaced by a Democratic legislature elected in 1842, Graham ran successfully for governor in 1844, defeating Michael Hoke, a formidable western Democrat. He was easily reelected in 1846. Thus he was North Carolina's governor from January 1845 to January 1849. Much of his attention was absorbed by the Mexican War, of which he disapproved nevertheless, Governor Graham supported the national commitment and raised and officered a politically controversial North Carolina regiment. An able administrator, his governorship was characterized by concern for humanitarian causes and internal improvements, especially railroad development.

After declining European diplomatic appointments offered by Zachary Taylor, Graham agreed to become secretary of the navy in July 1850, when Millard Fillmore formed a cabinet that supported the proposed compromise measures then before Congress. Initially his role was largely political, as he promoted passage and acceptance of the Compromise of 1850. He viewed the compromise as the final resolution of long-standing sectional controversies. To both North and South he advocated moderation, advising the North that faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law was essential to perpetuation of the Union. Although he knew little of naval affairs and never fully grasped the significance of contemporary technological advances, Graham was an experienced administrator. He relied heavily on knowledgeable advisers such as career officer Matthew Fontaine Maury. Secretary Graham was the moving spirit in several notable activities including a constructive program of personnel reforms, exploration of the Amazon basin, and the Perry expedition to Japan. The authoritative naval historian Samuel Eliot Morison has characterized Graham as one of the best navy secretaries in the nineteenth century.

Presidential campaign poster for the Whig Party, 1852, with portraits of Winfield Scott and William Alexander Graham. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.Presidential campaign poster for the Whig Party, 1852, with portraits of Winfield Scott and William Alexander Graham. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.In the summer of 1852, the Whig party nominated Winfield Scott and William A. Graham as its presidential and vice-presidential candidates, respectively. Although Graham, with most Southerners, preferred Fillmore, he sought to reassure the South that Scott was sound on the slavery question. He failed. Scott carried only four states as Democrat Franklin Pierce even outpolled the Whig ticket in North Carolina by a narrow margin. This campaign, which revealed a fatal internal division, presaged the demise of the national Whig party. Northern and Southern Whigs had diverged irrevocably because of the moral dilemma over slavery. A disappointed Graham resettled in Hillsborough and sought to provide educational and social opportunities for his maturing progeny. He served in the North Carolina Senate of 1854, but declined other requests in the 1850s that he seek office. However, he refused to abandon his Whig principles, avoiding the temptation to join many political friends in the American party. Not until 1860, in the desperate crisis of a "house dividing," did he acknowledge the futility of Whiggery. Then he united with conservative men of all sections in founding and promoting the Constitutional Union party. The hope that moderate candidates might be elected proved vain. In December 1860, James Alexander Hamilton of New York made an abortive appeal to the Pennsylvania presidential electors that they vote for Graham for president as a possible means of preserving the Republic.

After the election of Abraham Lincoln, Graham, who was sounded unofficially about a post in the new cabinet, counseled patience and conciliation. He urged North Carolinians to rely on the Constitution as a sufficient guarantor of their rights, advising that there would be time enough to seek proper remedies after an overt, illegal action by the national government. In February 1861, with the Confederacy a reality, Graham led Union men in defeating a statewide referendum to call a convention to consider disunion. However, after the firing on Fort Sumter and Lincoln's call for troops, he accepted the inevitable, declaring that "blood was thicker than water." Although he abhorred secession, he was overwhelmingly elected to represent Orange County in the Constitutional Convention of May 1861. In opposition to the original secessionists, now in the ascendancy, Graham stood unsuccessfully for the convention presidency and supported an abortive resolution upholding the right of revolution as the appropriate response to tyranny. Only when there seemed no honorable alternative did William A. Graham cast his vote for secession.

Having done his best to prevent disunion, Graham supported the Confederate cause to the extent his principles allowed. With Thomas Ruffin, he negotiated the terms by which North Carolina would enter the Confederate States of America and he remained an active participant in the deliberations of the Convention. But the Civil War was troublesome to him and to many other Southern Unionists. On the one hand, five of his sons were Confederate officers and innumerable relatives and friends were involved militarily. (Three nieces were married to Confederate generals "Stonewall" Jackson, Daniel Harvey Hill, and Rufus Barringer.) Their commitments had to be adequately sustained by his political and economic efforts but, on the other hand, the rights of the states and the citizenry had to be protected against the encroachments of a government at war. Herein lay the fatal flaw—how could a nation predicated on state sovereignty command the unity necessary to win the war? Graham became the champion of personal liberties, constitutional government, and states' rights. As such, he was a frequent critic of the Davis administration. He sometimes found himself in strange company. He was allied with old-line Whigs, Americans, and former southern rights Democrats—most surprisingly, perhaps, his erstwhile adversary William W. Holden.

In the spring of 1862, in order to replace Governor John W. Ellis who had died in office the previous July, Holden, indefatigable editor of the North Carolina Standard, encouraged Graham to run for governor and praised him in extravagant terms editorially. Graham declined, but joined Holden and many old Unionists in electing the popular Zebulon B. Vance. Subsequently, he and Holden were among Vance's most intimate advisers. Eventually the three men diverged in their views, and each came to represent a discernible segment of North Carolina opinion. While protecting the state's interests, Vance became convinced that honor required a fight to the finish. Meanwhile, by the summer of 1863, Holden was disenchanted to the extent of promoting a movement looking to separate peace initiatives by individual states. Both men sought the endorsement of Graham, who publicly affirmed confidence in Vance. Nevertheless, by 1864 Graham, now a Confederate senator and an open opponent of the Davis government, hoped earnestly for a negotiated peace based on the status quo ante bellum. He was a moving spirit in the fruitless Hampton Roads Conference of 3 Feb. 1865. He favored reunion over independence but balked at talk of emancipation. His conservative racial views caused him to oppose the enlistment of slaves in Confederate armies. If slavery and the accompanying social system were abolished, he believed, all was lost.

When the end was in sight, Graham left Richmond to warn Vance that the Confederacy was collapsing and to advise that North Carolina should look to its own interests. Vance demurred but authorized Graham and David L. Swain to surrender Raleigh to William T. Sherman, whose armies menaced the capital. This they did, though some North Carolinians never fully understood their motives. Years later, after both Swain and Graham were dead, Vance disparaged their realistic service to the state.

Portrait of Susannah Sarah Washington Graham, wife of governor William Alexander Graham, by William Garl Browne, 1855. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.Portrait of Susannah Sarah Washington Graham, wife of governor William Alexander Graham, by William Garl Browne, 1855. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.Reconstruction was particularly frustrating for Graham. He felt as though he and other former Unionists should be quickly rehabilitated politically so as to lead in the process of reunion. Instead, because of his service to the Confederacy, he was forced to apply for pardon—necessarily seeking the endorsement of William W. Holden, now provisional governor of North Carolina. His pardon application of July 1865 revealed the plight of Southerners who had worked to preserve the Union until they saw no honorable alternative. But, ironically, Holden, the erstwhile secessionist turned peacenik, was in a commanding position. Graham's pardon was delayed on the pretense that he was inopportunely critical of presidential Reconstruction. Nevertheless, he was elected to the state senate in November 1865, but declined to be seated before his pardon. In early December the legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate. He presented his credentials to that body, having been assured that admission to Congress would automatically result in the full restoration of his citizenship. But he, with others elected under the Johnson Reconstruction plan, was denied his seat. Congress had begun to assume direction of the Reconstruction process. Needless to say, the Congressional Reconstruction acts, the activities of the Union League, the organization of the Republican party, the measures adopted by the Constitutional Convention of 1868, and the election of Holden as governor galvanized Graham's opposition to imposed reunion, which he considered grossly unjust. Universal manhood suffrage for blacks, whom he deemed unprepared for full political responsibilities, was particularly galling to Graham whose own disabilities prevented him from voting and holding office. He became an outspoken advocate of the conservative position and of white supremacy. Although he never held public office after 1865 (his disabilities were not removed until 1873), William A. Graham was a leader of the redemption movement in North Carolina. Except for his role as a prosecutor in the impeachment trial that removed Holden from office in March 1871, his influence was manifest in the activities of old friends and younger men, especially his son John W. Graham, Plato Durham, and the fiery Josiah Turner, Jr. An advocate of further constitutional reform, he was elected a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1875, but died before it assembled.

Ironically, Graham's national reputation was more easily regained. He carried on an extensive correspondence and was evidently widely esteemed. In 1867, he was appointed to the original board of Peabody Fund Trustees and served faithfully in that capacity until his death. He was also on the arbitration commission to settle the Virginia-Maryland boundary dispute, and by 1875 he had become the principal figure in the long-delayed deliberations of that group.

A photograph of William Alexander Graham and his seven sons, May 20, 1875. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.A photograph of William Alexander Graham and his seven sons, May 20, 1875. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History.On 8 June 1836, Graham married Susannah Sarah Washington (1816�), daughter of John and Elizabeth Heritage Cobb Washington of New Bern. Their long union was felicitous and productive. The Grahams had ten children, eight of whom survived both parents. Their offspring were Joseph (1837�), John Washington (1838�), William Alexander (1839�), James Augustus (1841�), Robert Davidson (1843�), George Washington (1847�), Augustus Washington (1849�), Susan Washington (1851�), Alfred Octavius (1853�), and Eugene Berrien (1858�). All who survived childhood were afforded an excellent education and achieved notable careers in their own right. Four sons were attorneys, two were physicians, and one—William Alexander, Jr.—was a planter and North Carolina commissioner of agriculture. Susan Washington Graham married Judge Walter Clark.

Graham died unexpectedly at Saratoga Springs, N.Y., where he had gone to attend a meeting of the Virginia-Maryland Arbitration Commission. He was buried in the cemetery adjacent to the Hillsborough Presbyterian Church. His memory is perpetuated in the name of a small city in Alamance County and a county in western North Carolina. A marble bust of Graham adorns the capitol building in Raleigh and an oil portrait by William Garl Browne hangs in the Museum of History, Raleigh.

Edwin Rudy Andrews, "'Poor and Unknown and Very Industrious:' A Study of W. W. Holden the Person" (M.A. thesis, Western Carolina University, 1976).

Descendants of James Graham (1714�) of Ireland and Pennsylvania (1940).

William A. Graham, General Joseph Graham and His Papers on North Carolina Revolutionary History (1904).

J. G. deR. Hamilton and Max R. Williams, eds., The Papers of William A. Graham, vols. 1-8 (1957- [vol. 8 in preparation]).

Max R. Williams, "Secretary William A. Graham, Naval Administrator, 1850�," North Carolina Historical Review 48 (1971), and "William A. Graham, North Carolina Whig Party Leader, 1804�" (Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, 1965).

Graham, William A. "Speech of Hon. William A. Graham, Of Orange, In the Convention of North-Carolina, Dec. 7th, 1861, on the Ordinance concerning Test Oaths and Sedition." Raleigh: W. W. Holden, Printer. 1862. http://docsouth.unc.edu/imls/graham/graham.html (accessed March 14, 2013).

"Graham, William Alexander, (1804 - 1875)." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Government. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000362 (accessed March 14, 2013).

McGehee, Montford. Life and character of the Hon. William A. Graham. A memorial oration. Raleigh, News Job Office and Book Bindery. 1877. http://archive.org/details/lifecharacterofh00mcge (accessed March 14, 2013).

Grimes, J. Bryan. "Addresses at the unveiling of the bust of William A. Graham by the North Carolina Historical Commission in the rotunda of the State Capitol: delivered in the Hall of the House of Representatives, January 12, 1910." Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Print. Co. 1910. http://archive.org/details/addressesatunvei81nort (accessed March 14, 2013).

Clark, Walter. "William Alexander Graham." The North Carolina Booklet 16, no. 1 (July 1916). http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p249901coll37/id/14078 (accessed March 14, 2013).

Graham, William A. Papers of William Alexander Graham Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Raleigh [N.C.]: State Department of Archives and History. 1957. North Carolina Digital Collections. (accessed March 14, 2013).

Browne, William Garl. "Portrait, Accession #: H.1964.123.112." 1845-1875. North Carolina Museum of History.

Currier, N. "Broadside, Accession #: H.2009.56.1." 1852. North Carolina Museum of History.

Browne, William Garl. "Portrait, Accession #: H.2003.103.4." 1855. North Carolina Museum of History.

Van Ness, J. H. "Photograph, Accession #: H.19XX.324.188." 1875. North Carolina Museum of History.

Subjects: Biography Governors Lawyers Military personnel Public officials UNC Press Authors: Williams, Max R. Origin - location: Lincoln County Mecklenburg County From: Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.


Graham được đặt lườn vào ngày 7 tháng 9 năm 1918 tại xưởng tàu của hãng Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company ở Newport News, Virginia. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 20 tháng 11 năm 1918, được đỡ đầu bởi bà Robert F. Smallwood, cháu Bộ trưởng Graham và đưa ra hoạt động tại xưởng hải quân Norfolk vào ngày 13 tháng 3 năm 1920 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Thiếu tá Hải quân Paulus P. Powell.

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy dọc theo bờ Đông Hoa Kỳ, Graham gia nhập Hạm đội Đại Tây Dương, và được giao một nhiệm vụ đặc biệt cùng với hai tàu khu trục khác chở những người quay phim đi theo cuộc đua thuyền quốc tế từ ngày 15 đến ngày 27 tháng 7 năm 1920.

Graham sau đó gia nhập Hải đội Ngư lôi Đại Tây Dương tại Newport, Rhode Island để thực tập và huấn luyện dọc theo vùng bờ Đông, tuần tra và tập trận tại vịnh Guantánamo, Cuba và tại vùng kênh đào Panama. Vào năm 1921, nó tham gia cuộc cơ động phối hợp hải đội và hạm đội ngoài khơi bờ biển Nam Mỹ, viếng thăm Callao, Peru và Balboa, Panama trước khi quay về Hampton Roads. Sau đó nó tham gia cuộc Duyệt binh Hạm đội Tổng thống tại Norfolk, Virginia vào tháng 4 năm 1921. Nó cũng tham gia cuộc thử nghiệm ném bom xuống các con tàu nguyên của Đế quốc Đức trước đây ngoài khơi bờ biển Virginia vào mùa Hè năm đó. Vào ngày 27 tháng 10, nó cùng với Đội khu trục 20 hộ tống chiếc S.S. Paris đưa Thống chế Pháp Ferdinand Foch đến New York, rồi tiến hành các cuộc thực hành phòng không. Đến ngày 12 tháng 11 năm 1921, nó chuyển sang hoạt động với biên chế giảm thiểu. Chiếc tàu khu trục đang trên đường đi từ New York đến Charleston, South Carolina vào ngày 16 tháng 12, khi nó va chạm với chiếc ngoài khơi bờ biển và bị buộc phải quay lại New York.

Graham được cho ngừng hoạt động tại Xưởng hải quân New York vào ngày 31 tháng 3 năm 1922, và bị bán để tháo dỡ vào ngày 19 tháng 9 năm 1922.


What Graham family records will you find?

There are 1 million census records available for the last name Graham. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Graham census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 210,000 immigration records available for the last name Graham. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 251,000 military records available for the last name Graham. For the veterans among your Graham ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1 million census records available for the last name Graham. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Graham census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 210,000 immigration records available for the last name Graham. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 251,000 military records available for the last name Graham. For the veterans among your Graham ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.


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How Dwight Eisenhower Found God in the White House

After his death, the Reverend Billy Graham became just the fourth private citizen in American history to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda, a recognition usually reserved for elected officials and military leaders. As spiritual counsel to a dozen presidents, Graham was emblematic of the mutually beneficial relationship between politicians and religious groups.

The close bond between Christianity𠅎vangelical Protestantism, in particular𠅊nd the American presidency began to form in the 1950s. That decade was a time of extraordinary religious revival: Church membership rose from 49 percent of Americans in 1940 to 69 percent in 1960. And President Dwight D. Eisenhower𠅊long with Graham—played an important part in encouraging this spiritual devotion. In fact,਎isenhower played a very personal role in popularizing religious faith in America.

On February 1, 1953, just 10 days after his inauguration, Eisenhower was baptized and welcomed into the National Presbyterian Church by the Rev. Edward Elson. Eisenhower remains the only president ever to have been baptized while in office, and his work to link faith and American identity has influenced political debate in the country for half a century since.

Eisenhower’s life was undeniably shaped by his religious faith. His parents, David and Ida, were members of the River Brethren church in Abilene, Kansas, an off-shoot of the Mennonite faith. Ike’s family life revolved around work and Bible study. 𠇎verybody I knew went to church,” Eisenhower remembered in At Ease, a collection of essays about his early life. In the evenings, the family gathered in the small living room to listen as David read out loud from the family Bible. Later in life, Ida and David both became Jehovah’s Witnesses𠅊 sect devoted to Bible study, evangelism, and pacifism.

Because the Mennonites did not practice infant baptism, Eisenhower did not formally belong to any religious community. Upon taking office as the 34th president, Eisenhower felt this should change. He quietly approached the National Presbyterian Church in Washington, D.C., the denomination to which his wife, Mamie, belonged, and was baptized there at the age of 62.

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, President Eisenhower, Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield and Dr. Roy G. Ross of the National Council of Churches shown at a Post Office Department ceremony introducing the nation’s first regular stamp bearing a religious significance with the inscription ‘In God We Trust.’ (Credit: Bettmann Archives/Getty Images)

Though the baptism ceremony itself was private, Eisenhower made every effort to place faith at the center of national life during his years in office. He began his inaugural address with a short prayer that he had written himself. His Cabinet meetings began with a moment of silent prayer. He initiated the National Prayer Breakfast, and welcomed Rev. Billy Graham into the White House as a spiritual adviser. He heartily approved when, in 1954, Congress inserted “under God” into the Pledge of Allegiance and later made “In God We Trust” the official motto of the United States, even placing these words on the paper currency.

Why so much religiosity? Eisenhower believed religious faith was the single most important distinction between American freedom and Communist oppression. The Soviet bloc was a tyrannical state that sneered at spirituality. Americans of the Judeo-Christian tradition, by contrast, held to the belief that every person was God’s creation. Individual human rights were therefore divine and not to be trampled underfoot by an all-powerful government. To wage and win the Cold War, Eisenhower believed, Americans must be dedicated to that principle.

On Sunday, February 7, 1954, Eisenhower gave a radio address that emphasized the importance of Godliness and spirituality in American history. “Out of faith in God, and through faith in themselves as His children, our forefathers designed and built the Republic,” Eisenhower said. The president gave a brief civics lesson that recalled the struggles of the Pilgrims, the testing of George Washington at Valley Forge, and the determined battle of Abraham Lincoln to save the Union: All of these men shared a steadfast belief in God.

The one unifying feature of the American experience, Eisenhower insisted, was faith—𠇋y the millions, we speak prayers, we sing hymns, and no matter what their words may be, their spirit is the same: In God is our Trust.” At a time of surging popular piety, many Americans welcomed this kind of spiritual direction from their president.

Eisenhower was not the only American making the case for religion in the public sphere. The 1950s saw the rise of popular preachers who argued that religious faith provided the solution to all manner of social and personal problems. Among Roman Catholics, the Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen of the Archdiocese of New York was a well-known figure as the longtime host of a radio show called The Catholic Hour, and, beginning in 1951, the impresario of an immensely popular weekly television program called Life is Worth Living.

Bishop Fulton Sheen, 1953, and Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, 1955. (Credit: Bettmann Archive/Getty Images & Oscar White/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images)

Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, pastor of the Marble Collegiate Church in New York City, also became an iconic figure of the Age of Eisenhower. A pudgy, bespectacled Methodist with a flair for home-spun stories, Peale published a stream of popular self-help books giving tips on finding personal success through religious devotion and scriptural study. His book The Power of Positive Thinking appeared in 1952 and stayed on the best-seller list for 186 weeks.

The most significant evangelist of the postwar years, however, was Rev. Billy Graham. A tall, rangy Baptist, Graham grew up on a dairy farm near Charlotte, North Carolina, went to College in Wheaton, Illinois, and started his preaching in a Chicago-based organization called Youth for Christ during World War II. His talent, sincerity, zeal, and sheer charisma sped him on his way to stardom. In 1949, his Los Angeles revival meeting—which he called a 𠇌rusade”𠅊ttracted a third of a million worshipers and drew nationwide press coverage. Graham’s life on the national stage was just beginning.

Graham first met Eisenhower in Paris, at Ike’s NATO headquarters, in March 1952. Eisenhower had not yet formally announced his candidacy for the presidency, but the general was on the cusp of jumping into politics. They sat together for more than two hours, as Eisenhower shared with Graham the story of his early life and his upbringing among the River Brethren in Kansas. Graham reported on the 𠇌rusade” he had recently concluded in Washington, D.C. Soon after, when Eisenhower won the GOP nomination, he sought Graham’s advice for appropriate themes and scriptural passages to work into his campaign speeches.

Evangelist Billy Graham preaching at Madison Square Garden, 1957. (Credit: Gjon Mili/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

Graham’s influence hung clearly on some of Eisenhower’s statements that followed. 𠇌rusade” became the keynote of the 1952 campaign. The enemies of the faithful, it seemed, included Communism, New Deal-ism, corruption, deceit, unbelief, and the devil himself. America’s problems might be easier to solve, Eisenhower opined, if every American “would dwell more upon the simple virtues: integrity, courage, self-confidence, and an unshakeable belief in his Bible.”

After the election, Billy Graham sent the new president a fairly steady stream of correspondence, updating him on the activities of his ministry. In June 1953, Graham reported that his month-long revival in Dallas drew 25,000 people a night and was “the largest evangelistic crusade in the history of the United States.” He found the American people “hungry for God,” and he told Eisenhower that in Dallas, a great crowd of 75,000 people at the Cotton Bowl rose up as one, bowed their heads and prayed that “God would give you wisdom, courage and strength.”

To witness so many people praying for their president, Graham wrote, “was one of the most beautiful and moving sights I have ever seen.” A few months later, Graham sent word to Eisenhower that the president’s 𠇌onstant references to spiritual needs and faithful attendance at church have done much to help in the spiritual awakening that is taking place throughout the nation.”

President Dwight D. Eisenhower visiting with religious leader Billy Graham at the White House, 1957. (Credit: Paul Schutzer/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

On March 6, 1955, Graham delivered a sermon directly to an American president for the first time. As the guest of Rev. Elson at the National Presbyterian Church, Graham delivered the sermon �ith in Our Times.” Again he stressed the message that the Cold War and the H-Bomb, juvenile delinquency, racial strife, and moral weakness were all problems that sprang from a sinful human nature𠅊ll of which could be cured instantly by conversion to Christ.

Eisenhower, though not an evangelical himself, shared Graham’s belief that God and gumption formed the true essence of the American experience. In his State of the Union address in January 1954, Eisenhower stressed that government alone could not make people industrious or enterprising. It was up to the American people to work hard for their future prosperity𠅊nd balance God against greed. “Though blessed with more material goods than any people in history,” Ike said, Americans “have always reserved their first allegiance to the kingdom of the spirit, which is the true source of that freedom we value above all material things.”


Timeline of Historic Events

September 1947: Billy Graham’s first city-wide Crusade in Grand Rapids, Mich., followed through the years by more than 400 Crusades across six continents.

1947: “Calling Youth to Christ,” Billy Graham’s first book is published.

September 1949: “Christ for Greater Los Angeles” Crusade catches the attention of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst. The resulting national and international news coverage launches Billy Graham into prominence.

September 1950: The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) becomes incorporated in Minnesota.

November 1950: First “Hour of Decision” radio program airs.

September 1951: “Hour of Decision” television broadcasts begin airing over the ABC network.

October 1951: BGEA releases its first film, “Mr. Texas,” which is followed by more than 130 other films through the years.

December 1952: First “My Answer” column runs.

October 1956: The first issue of Christianity Today is published.

June 1957: ABC broadcasts live meetings of the New York City Crusade in Madison Square Garden.

November 1960: First issue of Decision magazine

May 1962: Billy and Ruth Graham start a radio station with the goal of leading as many people as possible into a personal and dynamic relationship with Jesus Christ.

1980: TV Telephone Ministry begins, which has aided hundreds of thousands in beginning a relationship with Jesus Christ.

June 1985: BGEA uses satellite technology to broadcast meetings in Sheffield, England, to 51 locations in Great Britain.

September 1988: Billy Graham Training Center in Asheville, N.C., launches first programs, held in what is now Chatlos Memorial Chapel.

March 1989: Franklin Graham holds his first Festival in Juneau, Alaska, followed through the years by more than 180 Festivals worldwide.

June 1989: BGEA uses satellite technology to broadcast meetings from London, England, to 250 locations in the United Kingdom.

November 1991: BGEA uses satellite technology and video to transmit meetings from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to 20 Spanish-speaking countries.

May 1993: BGEA officially dedicates the Billy Graham Training Center at The Cove in Asheville, N.C., for the purpose of Bible training of Christians.

March 1995: BGEA simultaneously broadcasts the Crusade in San Juan, Puerto Rico, via satellite in 48 languages to thousands of locations worldwide.

1996: BGEA launches the ministry’s flagship website: BillyGraham.org.

2000: Franklin Graham named CEO of BGEA.

2001: Franklin Graham named president of BGEA.

2001: BGEA develops a biblically-based grief and trauma training seminar to minister to victims of the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. The program ultimately develops into what is today the Billy Graham Rapid Response Team.

2001: BGEA announces the move of headquarters from Minneapolis, Minn., to Charlotte, N.C., the city where Billy Graham was born.

2002: BGEA launches the “My Hope” ministry of home-based crusades, resulting in more than 10,000,000 people worldwide making decisions for Christ.

2002: BGEA deploys the Billy Graham Rapid Response Team to minister to hurricane survivors in Lafayette, La. They have since deployed to more than 335 disaster zones, including hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, fires and shootings.

2004: BGEA opens newly-constructed headquarters building on Billy Graham Parkway in Charlotte, N.C.

2004: Will Graham begins holding youth events in Canada.

2005: Billy Graham holds his final Crusade, in New York City.

2005: 106.9 the Light (WMIT) begins broadcasting its HD Radio signal, making it the first Christian radio station in the Carolinas to adopt this technology.

2006: BGEA launches Dare to Be a Daniel, a ministry focused on equipping a new generation of evangelists for the next generation of believers.

2006: Will Graham conducts his first three-day Celebration in the U.S.

2007: BGEA opens the Billy Graham Library in Charlotte, N.C.

June 14, 2007: Ruth Bell Graham, the wife of Billy Graham, passes away.

2011: BGEA launches PeaceWithGod.net to clearly present the Gospel through the Internet. Millions have made commitments to Jesus Christ through this outreach.

2012: The radio station founded by Billy Graham extends its reach by purchasing 106.7 WRJK-FM, which serves an audience of more than 550,000 in the Knoxville, Tenn., metro area.

November 2013: More than 110,000 people make commitments to Jesus Christ through My Hope with Billy Graham, an evangelism effort in the United States and Canada that culminated with the broadcast of Billy Graham’s video message, “The Cross,” in homes, churches and online across the two nations.

2016: Franklin Graham travels to all 50 states for the Decision America Tour, sharing the Gospel in every capital city.

February 21, 2018: Billy Graham passes away at the age of 99 at his home in Montreat, N.C.

Sept. 14, 2018: The film Unbroken: Path to Redemption debuts in theaters, featuring Will Graham portraying his grandfather, Billy Graham, in the Louis Zamperini biopic.


Televangelist

To expand and maintain a professional ministry, Graham and his colleagues eventually incorporated the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA). Graham began broadcasting his sermons over the radio during a Christian show called Songs in the Night. Once a week he also hosted a program called The Hour of Decision, a program ABC initially transmitted to 150 stations before reaching its peak of 1,200 stations across America.

Eventually, this program was converted into a television show which ran for three years. The success of Graham&aposs radio and television programs speak to his role as a Christian media visionary. Graham used the media as a means for spreading the gospel of Christ, allowing him to access millions of people around the globe.

With Graham&aposs success, BGEA opened numerous international offices and started publishing periodicals, records, tapes, films and books. BGEA also accepted invitations from religious figures around the world to hold evangelical "crusades." Scouts would be sent to these cities to reserve a venue, organize volunteer choirs and arrange speakers. At the end of these events, audience members would be invited to commit to Christ and meet with volunteer counselors.

These new recruits would be given workbooks for at-home bible study and referrals to local evangelist pastors. BGEA eventually began to air footage of these crusades on national television with subscriber information. In 1952, the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association created the Billy Graham Evangelistic Film Ministry as a means of distributing personal conversion stories to the public through films. BGEA also acquired several radio stations around America in an effort to broadcast Graham&aposs radio shows to a wider audience.

In terms of print media, BGEA created Christianity Today in 1955. This magazine continues to be the leading journal for evangelical Christians. In 1958, BGEA started Decision magazine, a monthly mailer with bible studies, articles, church histories and crusade updates. Eventually, this magazine was published in Spanish, French and German. Additionally, Graham himself authored numerous books including such titles as Angels: God&aposs Secret Agents (1975), How to be Born Again (1979), Death and the Life After (1994) and The Journey: Living by Faith in an Uncertain World (2006).


Watch the video: Episode 192 Susan Filer - Founder of the Gilbert Sanctuary Portsmouth on We Dont Die Radio (May 2022).


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