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1892 Democratic Convention - History

1892 Democratic Convention - History


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Chicago, IL

June 21 to 23, 1892

Nominated: Grover Cleveland, of New Hampshire for President

Nominated: Adlai E Stevenson, of Illinois for Vice President

Grover Cleveland who had narrowly lost his bid for reelection in 1888 wanted to run again in 1892. He had wide support within the party, with the major objections once again coming from Tammany Hall in New York. They held a snap state convention and nominated one of their own. Despite not having support from his state delegation Cleveland easily won the nomination on the first ballot, at a convention held a the "Wigwam".

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1892 Democratic Convention

Hello and welcome to the latest installment of my series of polls electing the nominees of parties throughout history. Today r/neoliberal decides the 1892 nominee of the Democratic Party.

As usual, lack of information was an issue.

As the only Democratic president in thirty years attempts to be the first president to serve non consecutive terms, he must contend with a home state machine politician & a leader of the rising tide of silverite populism.

President Grover Cleveland

The only Democratic president in over thirty years, 55 year old Grover Cleveland is attempting to be the first president to serve non consecutive terms. As president he further reformed the civil service, promoted fiscal conservatism & the gold standard, used the veto often, created the Interstate Commerce Commission, resisted civil rights laws, advocated for low tariffs, & modernizing the navy. He thrust himself back into the spotlight with a denunciation of the Harrison administration’s embrace of increased silver purchases, & is the frontrunner for the nomination.

Senator David B. Hill

49 year old Senator David B. Hill served as Cleveland’s lieutenant governor in New York & succeeded Grover Cleveland as Governor of New York following Cleveland’s ascent to the presidency. Hill was placed on the ticket with Cleveland due to his opposition to civil service reform & he attempted to stymie reform as governor. He is a supporter of bimetallism & as Governor he supported labor reforms such as maximum work hours as well as environmental protection & the building of cheap high rise tenement housing which has gained a slum like reputation.

He has the support of an anti Cleveland coalition of protectionists, corrupt machine politicians of places such as Tammany Hall, silverites, & others. The Tammany Hall machine in New York called a snap convention to nominated pro Hill delegates instead of pro Cleveland delegates which has triggered a pro Cleveland reformist backlash.

Governor Horace Boies

65 year old Governor Horace Boies of Iowa is the state’s first Democratic governor in nearly 35 years. Boies is a former Republican who left the party due to their support of prohibition, & he has become a leader among silverite populist Democrats. An advocate of bimetallism & among the first governors to declare Labor Day a holiday. Many populists also support policies such as partial or even full railroad nationalization, the elimination of private banks, a federal loans system, the direct election of senators, or a progressive income tax, Boies may support these reforms as well. Boies support is almost entirely from the west or midwest. Thousands of people rallying for Boies have come to the convention to support their candidate.

Senator Arthur Pue Gorman

53 year old Maryland Senator Arthur Pue Gorman is a leading conservative “Bourbon Democrat”, similar to Cleveland, but unlike Cleveland he is friendly to certain protectionist tariffs. His election to the senate was reportedly influenced by “ward rounders” who shot & wounded African American Republican voters. He is a strong opponent of biracial coalitions and has been quoted as saying "We have determined that this government was made by white men and shall be ruled by white men as long as the republic lasts". He is also a baseball enthusiast.


1892 Populist Nomination

Hello and welcome to the latest installment of my series of polls electing the nominees of parties throughout history. Today r/neoliberal decides the 1892 nominee of the People’s Party, better known as the Populist Party.

As usual, lack of information was an issue.

A former presidential contender faces off against a freshman senator from America’s western frontier to decide who shall be the standard bearer of a third party coalition.

Former Representative James B. Weaver

55 year old former three term Iowa Representative & 1880 Greenback nominee James B. Weaver is the leading candidate for the nomination & has recently published A Call to Action detailing his views. Weaver first gained notoriety for attacking both military policing of polling stations & violence against black southerners in a single speech. Weaver supports breaking up more Indian reservations into homesteads for white settlers, alcohol prohibition, & bimetallism while his position on women’s suffrage is supportive.

Weaver’s nomination is especially controversial due to his long history in politics & his service in Sherman’s march to the sea. The former gives opponents years of records to attack him on while the latter alienates many potential Populist supporters in the South & prevents them from fully competing in the region.

Senator James H. Kyle

38 year old Senator James H. Kyle of South Dakota is Weaver’s only serious challenger for the nomination. Kyle was trained as a Congregational minister & after practicing for several years entered politics, eventually being elected to the senate in 1891 as a Populist. Kyle has no clear position on many issues but is in line with Populist doctrine while being a stronger advocate of women’s suffrage. He agrees with the consensus that Native Americans are an “inferior race” but condemns the government’s “heartless” policy towards Natives & supports alcohol prohibition.

Kyle’s nomination would not alienate Southern Populists in the manner Weaver’s threatens to do due to Weaver’s military service & he has little record aside from being a pastor that can provide ammunition to attack campaigns


Introduction

"How they will vote next Tuesday." November 5, 1892. St. Paul Globe (Saint Paul, MN), Image 1. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers.

After losing the 1888 presidential election despite being the incumbent, Grover Cleveland returned for another chance at the Presidency in 1892 as the Democratic nominee. Cleveland defeated incumbent President Benjamin Harrison in 1892 to become the only president elected for two non-consecutive terms. Read more about it!

The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America.

The timeline below highlights important dates related to this topic and a section of this guide provides some suggested search strategies for further research in the collection.


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Republican Party Platform of 1892

The representatives of the Republicans of the United States, assembled in general convention on the shores of the Mississippi River, the everlasting bond of an indestructible Republic, whose most glorious chapter of history is the record of the Republican party, congratulate their countrymen on the majestic march of the nation under the banners inscribed with the principles of our platform of 1888, vindicated by victory at the polls and prosperity in our fields, workshops and mines, and make the following declaration of principles:

We reaffirm the American doctrine of protection. We call attention to its growth abroad. We maintain that the prosperous condition of our country is largely due to the wise revenue legislation of the Republican congress.

We believe that all articles which cannot be produced in the United States, except luxuries, should be admitted free of duty, and that on all imports coming into competition with the products of American labor, there should be levied duties equal to the difference between wages abroad and at home. We assert that the prices of manufactured articles of general consumption have been reduced under the operations of the tariff act of 1890.

We denounce the efforts of the Democratic majority of the House of Representatives to destroy our tariff laws by piecemeal, as manifested by their attacks upon wool, lead and lead ores, the chief products of a number of States, and we ask the people for their judgment thereon.

We point to the success of the Republican policy of reciprocity, under which our export trade has vastly increased and new and enlarged markets have been opened for the products of our farms and workshops. We remind the people of the bitter opposition of the Democratic party to this practical business measure, and claim that, executed by a Republican administration, our present laws will eventually give us control of the trade of the world.

The American people, from tradition and interest, favor bi-metallism, and the Republican party demands the use of both gold and silver as standard money, with such restrictions and under such provisions, to be determined by legislation, as will secure the maintenance of the parity of values of the two metals so that the purchasing and debt-paying power of the dollar, whether of silver, gold, or paper, shall be at all times equal. The interests of the producers of the country, its farmers and its workingmen, demand that every dollar, paper or coin, issued by the government, shall be as good as any other.

We commend the wise and patriotic steps already taken by our government to secure an international conference, to adopt such measures as will insure a parity of value between gold and silver for use as money throughout the world.

We demand that every citizen of the United States shall be allowed to cast one free and unrestricted ballot in all public elections, and that such ballot shall be counted and returned as cast that such laws shall be enacted and enforced as will secure to every citizen, be he rich or poor, native or foreign-born, white or black, this sovereign right, guaranteed by the Constitution. The free and honest popular ballot, the just and equal representation of all the people, as well as their just and equal protection under the laws, are the foundation of our Republican institutions, and the party will never relax its efforts until the integrity of the ballot and the purity of elections shall be fully guaranteed and protected in every State.

Southern Outrages

We denounce the continued inhuman outrages perpetrated upon American citizens for political reasons in certain Southern States of the Union.

Foreign Relations

We favor the extension of our foreign commerce, the restoration of our mercantile marine by home-built ships, and the creation of a navy for the protection of our National interests and the honor of our flag the maintenance of the most friendly relations with all foreign powers entangling alliances with none and the protection of the rights of our fishermen.

We reaffirm our approval of the Monroe doctrine and believe in the achievement of the manifest destiny of the Republic in its broadest sense.

We favor the enactment of more stringent laws and regulations for the restriction of criminal, pauper and contract immigration.

Miscellaneous

We favor efficient legislation by Congress to protect the life and limbs of employees of transportation companies engaged in carrying on inter-State commerce, and recommend legislation by the respective States that will protect employees engaged in State commerce, in mining and manufacturing.

The Republican party has always been the champion of the oppressed and recognizes the dignity of manhood, irrespective of faith, color, or nationality it sympathizes with the cause of home rule in Ireland, and protests against the persecution of the Jews in Russia.

The ultimate reliance of free popular government is the intelligence of the people, and the maintenance of freedom among men. We therefore declare anew our devotion to liberty of thought and conscience, of speech and press, and approve all agencies and instrumentalities which contribute to the education of the children of the land, but while insisting upon the fullest measure of religious liberty, we are opposed to any union of Church and State. We reaffirm our opposition, declared in the

Republican platform of 1888, to all combinations of capital organized in trusts or otherwise, to control arbitrarily the condition of trade among our citizens.

We heartily indorse the action already taken upon this subject, and ask for such further legislation as may be required to remedy any defects in existing laws, and to render their enforcement more complete and effective.

We approve the policy of extending to towns, villages and rural communities the advantages of the free delivery service, now enjoyed by the larger cities of the country, and reaffirm the declaration contained in the Republican platform of 1888, pledging the reduction of letter postage to 1 cent at the earliest possible moment consistent with the maintenance of the Post Office Department and the highest class of postal service.

We commend the spirit and evidence of reform in the civil service, and the wise and consistent enforcement by the Republican party of the laws regulating the same.

Nicaragua Canal

The construction of the Nicaragua Canal is of the highest importance to the American people, both as a measure of National defense and to build up and maintain American commerce, and it should be controlled by the United States Government.

Territories

We favor the admission of the remaining Territories at the earliest practicable date, having due regard to the interests of the people of the Territories and of the United States. All the Federal officers appointed for the Territories should be selected from bona-fide residents thereof, and the right of self-government should be accorded as far as practicable.

Arid Lands

We favor the cession, subject to the homestead laws, of the arid public lands, to the States and Territories in which they lie, under such Congressional restrictions as to disposition, reclamation and occupancy by settlers as will secure the maximum benefits to the people.

The Columbian Exposition

The World's Columbian Exposition is a greatnational undertaking, and Congress should promptly enact such reasonable legislation in aid thereof as will insure a discharge of the expenses and obligations incident thereto, and the attainment of results commensurate with the dignity and progress of the Nation.

Intemperance

We sympathize with all wise and legitimate efforts to lessen and prevent the evils of intemperance and promote morality.

Pensions

Ever mindful of the services and sacrifices of the men who saved the life of the Nation, we pledge anew to the veteran soldiers of the Republic a watchful care and recognition of their just claims upon a grateful people.

Harrison's Administration

We commend the able, patriotic and thoroughly American administration of President Harrison. Under it the country has enjoyed remarkable prosperity and the dignity and honor of the Nation, at home and abroad, have been faithfully maintained, and we offer the record of pledges kept as a guarantee of faithful performance in the future.

APP Note: The American Presidency Project used the first day of the national nominating convention as the "date" of this platform since the original document is undated.


National political conventions similar to or like 1892 Democratic National Convention

Presidential nominating convention held at the Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois, on June 19–25, 1888. It resulted in the nomination of former Senator Benjamin Harrison of Indiana for president and Levi P. Morton of New York, a former Representative and Minister to France, for vice president. Wikipedia

Presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Chicago, Illinois, on June 3–6, 1884. It resulted in the nomination of former House Speaker James G. Blaine from Maine for president and Senator John A. Logan of Illinois for vice president. Wikipedia

Held at the Industrial Exposition Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota, from June 7 to June 10, 1892. The party nominated President Benjamin Harrison for re-election on the first ballot and Whitelaw Reid of New York for vice president. Wikipedia

The 1880 Republican National Convention convened from June 2 to June 8, 1880, at the Interstate Exposition Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and nominated Representative James A. Garfield of Ohio and Chester A. Arthur of New York as the official candidates of the Republican Party for president and vice president, respectively, in the 1880 presidential election. Of the 14 men in contention for the Republican nomination, the three strongest candidates leading up to the convention were Ulysses S. Grant, James G. Blaine, and John Sherman. Wikipedia

Held in the Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, on June 21 to June 23, 1904. The popular President Theodore Roosevelt had easily ensured himself of the nomination a threat had come from the Old Guard favourite Ohio Senator Mark Hanna, the loyal kingmaker in Republican politics, but he died early in 1904, which ended any opposition to Roosevelt within the Republican Party. Wikipedia

The 1892 United States presidential election in Illinois took place on November 8, 1892. All contemporary 44 states were part of the 1892 United States presidential election. Wikipedia

Held at the Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois, from June 18 to June 22, 1912. The party nominated President William H. Taft and Vice President James S. Sherman for re-election for the 1912 United States presidential election. Wikipedia

Initially satisfied with his return to private life. However, Cleveland's views about his retirement began to change at the time of the 1890 midterm elections, in which the Democrats won huge victories at the ballot box. Wikipedia

Presidential nominating convention that met from May 16 to May 18 in Chicago, Illinois. Held to nominate the Republican Party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1860 election. Wikipedia

Held in Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois on June 16 to June 19, 1908. It convened to nominate successors to President Theodore Roosevelt and Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks. Wikipedia

Held at the Chicago Stadium in Chicago, Illinois from July 19 to July 21, 1944. Unprecedented fourth term. Wikipedia

List of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party, either duly preselected and nominated, or the presumptive nominees of a future preselection and election. Official campaign that received Electoral College votes are listed. Wikipedia

The 1860 Democratic National Conventions were a series of presidential nominating conventions held to nominate the Democratic Party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1860 election. The first convention, held from April 23 to May 3 in Charleston, South Carolina, failed to nominate a ticket, while two subsequent conventions, both held in Baltimore, Maryland in June, nominated two separate presidential tickets. Wikipedia

List of American electoral candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the modern Democratic Party, either duly preselected and nominated, or the presumptive nominees of a future preselection and election. Official campaign that received Electoral College votes are listed. Wikipedia


Democratic Party during Pres. Harrison’s Term

When the 51st Congress assembled in the late fall of 1889, the Democrats were in disarray. For the first time since 1874, they did not control either branch of Congress. The now dominant Republicans embarked upon an expansion of the federal government’s obligations to erase the huge surpluses of Cleveland’s first term by doubling the pensions for Civil War veterans and dramatically increasing funding for internal improvements. By the end of 1889, the surplus was quickly disappearing. Increasing requests for federally funded projects caused Congress to pass the McKinley Tariff of 1890, which raised the tax on imported goods.

By the spring of 1890, the economy was spiraling downward. With prices rising and money getting tighter, interest rates were rising. Farmers in the Great Plains began organizing against the Republicans, forming nascent organizations which later coalesced to form the Populist Party. When tariff income dropped, Congress found itself with declining revenues and was unable to pay for all the programs it had passed. The government ran out of money and had to prioritize which programs to fund.

The midterm election of 11/4/1890 was one of those epic landslides which usually only happen once per generation. In U.S. House races, the Democrats defeated 58 incumbent Republicans and picked up 31 open seats to cut the Republican representation in half the New York Times reported on 11/6/1890 that the Democrats gained far more than the most optimistic Democratic strategist had predicted. The new House would have 235 Democrats to 88 Republicans. Democrats were less successful in the Senate, where they only gained two seats to remain in the minority. They also scored a net gain of four governorships, winning key races in Pennsylvania and Michigan.

Democratic Presidential Contenders

The rise of the Populist Party in 1891 gave the Democrats some pause. Many party leaders wanted to take up the cause of the Populists in order to gain the White House in the 1892 election. However, northeastern Democrats, who formed the “sound money” faction of the party, opposed measures to inflate the dollar just to satisfy western farmers.

As the year 1892 opened, there was no declared Democrat in the field for the presidency. Former President Cleveland was mentioned across the nation, as his loss in 1888 was usually attributed to his now-justified stand on the tariff. As Cleveland dallied in making his decision, Tammany Hall called a “snap” state convention (meaning called into session earlier than usual in order to make a snap decision) on 2/22/1892 to choose delegates to the National Convention, and selected a slate of anti-Cleveland delegates pledged to New York Senator David B. Hill. The “snap” convention set off a storm of protests, as anti-machine Democrats around the nation rallied around Cleveland, controlling multiple state conventions in the spring which sent solid Cleveland delegations to the convention. Other than New York, the first state convention to appoint delegates not pledged to Cleveland was Iowa on 5/12/1892, which chose delegates pledged to its own Governor Horace Boies as the champion of the agitated western farmers.

The Boies campaign established a campaign headquarters at the Palmer House in Chicago to lobby the delegates. The Hill campaign maintained that he should be nominated because Cleveland could not win New York State, and the Boies campaign countered that Hill also could not win New York State but that Boies could. The Boies campaign recruited 10,000 people to attend the convention to lobby for the Iowa Governor, a group which rivaled the decibel output of the “Tammany braves” who appeared to support Hill. [ New York Times 6/16/1892]

The National Convention

The 16th Democratic National Convention assembled in a special convention building in Chicago IL. The building was not constructed too well when a storm moved through the city, the building swayed from the winds and then leaked rainwater onto the delegates. Furthermore, the acoustics of the building were poor, and many speakers could not be heard by the 20,000 people who were seated in the building. The number of delegates had been increased from 822 (the total in 1888) to 910 due to the new western states.

On the second day of the convention, the typical committees reported. The Credential Committee had faced a contest in New York, where “anti-Snappers” sent Cleveland delegates. Since Cleveland already had nearly two-thirds of all delegates pledged to him, the anti-Snappers dropped their contest. The only other issue of contention was the wording of the tariff plank in the platform after a divisive debate, the proposed plank was re-worded by a vote of 342-564.

Presidential Roll Call

As soon as the roll call on the tariff plank wording was completed, the convention moved to the nomination of a candidate for President. This was the point of the convention in which the storm was moving through Chicago, and most of what was said could not be heard. The first contender placed in nomination was Cleveland ironically, the New Jersey delegate making the speech mentioned Hill before Cleveland, which set off a demonstration on the floor for Hill. After Cleveland’s nominating speech was complete, Hill and Boies were placed in nomination.

When nominations were complete, it was 2:00 a.m. A New York delegate was granted the floor and requested a recess until the following morning. The recess not being granted, the delegate entered upon a vitriolic monologue against Cleveland in which he said that Cleveland could not be trusted to appoint Democrats.

The incredibly long session continued, as the delegates did not want to adjourn before the first roll call vote for President. With 607 needed for a decision, Cleveland won on the first ballot with 617.33 Hill had 114, Boies 103, and others 75.67. The time was 4:45 a.m. when the delegates broke for the night.

Presidential Balloting - DNC 1892
ContenderNorthSouthWestTotal
Grover Cleveland NY338127.3152617.3
David B. Hill NY 84264114
Horace Boies IA193549103
Arthur P. Gorman MD18.511736.5
Adlai E. Stevenson IL016.7016.7
John G. Carlisle KY113014
William R. Morrison0303
James E. Campbell OH0202
William E. Russell MA1001
William C. Whitney NY1001
Robert E. Pattison PA1001
Not Voting 0.5000.5
% Cleveland71.356.871.767.8

Vice Presidential Nomination

On the last day of the convention, with the weather clear, the convention moved quickly to complete its business. Adlai E. Stevenson IL was nominated for vice president on the second ballot.

The final major matter of business was a discussion of how to provide accommodations for visitors to the 1896 Democratic National Convention. During the discussion, an electric lighting fixture broke loose from the ceiling and fell towards the New York delegation, ending up hanging by a long cord. The convention granted the national committee the authority to do what it thought necessary and then adjourned sine die.


Ungovernor, 1892 – Henry Joseph Snively

Washington State's 2nd gubernatorial contest in 1892 was a three-way race: John Harte McGraw (Republican), Henry Joseph Snively (Democrat), and Cyrus W. Young (Populist) all had the potential to win. Prohibition Party candidate Roger S. Greene could've easily been a spoiler. Unlike the 1889 election for Governor, this one turned very nasty and really came down to a fight between King and Pierce counties.

Henry Joseph Snively was born Aug. 17, 1856 in Virginia. His father, a German immigrant, was a contractor and builder. It appears his family lived in the part of the state that split off and formed West Virginia during the Civil War.

Snively earned his law degree in 1879 and plied his legal trade in West Virginia for seven years. In 1886 he relocated to North Yakima, where he was promptly elected to the position of district attorney for the district of Yakima and Kittitas counties. In 1889 he was on the Democratic ticket with Eugene Semple, running for the opportunity to be the first Washington State Attorney General, but he lost to William Carey Jones, 58-42%. In 1890, he was elected to the Washington State Legislature.

In Yakima he enjoyed a reputation as an able attorney. "He is recognized as one of the distinguished and eminent members of the bar of central Washington. As a lawyer he is sound, clear-minded and well trained, felicitous and clear in argument, thoroughly in earnest, full of the vigor of conviction, never abusive of his adversaries and imbued with the highest courtesy and yet a foe worthy of the steel of the most able opponent" (History of the Yakima Valley, Washington, 1919). As District Attorney he had sided with Roslyn miners against the Pinkertons in 1889, gaining labor support. He also earned the backing of farmers by leading a fight to pass a freight-rate regulation bill in 1891. Territorial Governor Semple appointed Snively to the Territorial Code Commission in 1887.

The creation of a ship canal from Lake Washington to Puget Sound was a major issue in the 1892 campaign. The King County-based McGraw and Republicans were behind the project (McGraw and other Seattle businessmen had invested in land at the lake), although a few disaffected party members left for the Populists. The Democrats were split on the issue, the anti-canal faction being led by Pierce County. The Populists stayed out of the controversy altogether. The New York Times described the 1892 Democratic state convention as, "so demoralized by the fight on the canal that to find candidates was hard work. Half a dozen of those in the field withdrew, and in only one or two instances was there any contest. The platform has a revenue-reform plank urging the imposition of taxes upon luxuries rather than upon necessities. A resolution for free silver was incorporated without opposition."

One rare contest at the convention was picking a candidate for Governor. Pro-canalites Daniel Gilman and Thomas Burke backed Seattle labor leader James Hamilton Lewis. But Tacoma Democrat Hugh Wallace opposed them and was able to write the internal improvements plank. Lewis withdrew in favor of 36 year-old Henry J. Snively. Burke and Gilman in turn endorsed John McGraw.

The campaign turned nasty as election day neared. As the New York Times reported: "The first national election in which Washington takes part as a State will be characterized by a bitterness such as could hardly be surpassed in a doubtful State on which the national result depended. Local rivalries and personal feeling have split both parties, and as doubt as to the outcome of the contest has grown in their minds, their fury has become so great that their two candidates for Governor stand accused of swindling and embezzlement in their former homes in the East. The Populists have at the same time developed such strength that they have added a new element of uncertainty to the situation."

The Seattle P-I, a pro-McGraw paper, published a story claiming that Snively ran away from West Virginia in the dead of night owing creditors thousands of dollars, and among the people he swindled were poor orphans. Snively denied all wrong-doing and theatened a lawsuit. The next day, the pro-Snively Tacoma Ledger published a parallel story about John McGraw's long list of swindled victims back in Maine. McGraw denied all wrong-doing.

Reports surfaced that the Democratic Party attempted to bargain with the Populists after the Snively charges. The Dems would withdraw Snively and the presidential electors if the Pops would withdraw their ticket for other state offices. It didn't go anywhere.

It was a bad year for the local Democrats. The Republicans took every statewide office. The Populists elected 8 legislators. Still, Snively ran ahead of his ticket, gaining a better percentage than other Washington State Democrats. The final result: McGraw 33,281 (37.01%), Snively 28,960 (32.20%), Young 23,750 (26.41%), and Greene 3,937 (4.38%).

Snively never ran for any elected office again. In 1897, Gov. Rogers appointed him to serve a term on the State Board of Control (which managed institutions), and when that ended so did his life in public service. He continued to practice law in Yakima. He was associated with the famous Ellensburg lynching case, where a father and son accused of murder were strung up by a mob in 1895. Some members of the lynch mob were tried on homicide charges, but with the help of Snively and other lawyers, they were all freed.

H.J. Snively died Nov. 17, 1930, aged 74, still an active attorney right up to the end. The front page obituaries called him the "dean of Yakima lawyers." He is buried Yakima's Tahoma Cemetery.

We’re a young state.
We sure haven’t matured much yet, have we? Look at our last election compared to our first.


Populist Convention Reunion

The People's Party, commonly known as the Populist Party, was organized in St. Louis in 1892 and held its first national convention in Omaha that July. The party nominated James K. Weaver for president and ratified the so-called Omaha Platform, which included proposals for the graduated income tax, secret ballot, direct election of United States senators, the eight-hour day, and other reform measures. Fifty years later a Fourth of July reunion of convention attendees was proposed to commemorate the historic event.

The Sunday World-Herald of October 12, 1941, said: "The first national convention of the people's (populist) party in Omaha, which met on July 4, 1892, marked a turning point not only in national but world affairs, and might well be commemorated by the city of Omaha on July 4, 1942, in the opinion of A. E. Sheldon of Lincoln, superintendent of the Nebraska State Historical Society. In a letter to the World-Herald Sheldon said it had been suggested that the historical society meet in Omaha next year. The society's constitution, he said, requires it to hold its regular annual meeting in Lincoln [no longer true in 2007], but there is nothing to prevent a special meeting in Omaha to mark the famed Omaha convention of 1892.

"'Omaha,' wrote Sheldon, 'ought to have a historical revival, an awakening to the important historical sites and events which distinguish the story of her development . . . . The people's party convention which met in Omaha July 4, 1892, . . . was the great turning point in the history of America and the world. Competent historians reckon the dividing line between the old and the new in American politics [was] that campaign of 1892 and the ones which immediately followed it.'

"'Here was formulated the celebrated Omaha platform. This document became the Bible and common prayer book of millions of people. It became the object of the most intense denunciation and attack on the part of the opposition in these United States. It became eventually the political woodyard from which subsequent republican and democratic candidates and conventions stole their most important material for their platforms and promises.'

"'A semi-centennial celebration of the Omaha convention . . . would make Omaha a center of public interest and tourist travel for the entire nation. There must yet be living a considerable number of delegates who were there, although the great leaders have passed beyond. Their declarations and their ideals have been translated into other tongues and have animated the spirits of a new generation of people's champions. There must be yet surviving a larger number of that first popular body guard, not delegates, who assembled at Omaha. I am sure nationwide publicity . . . would bring responses from very many men and women who were active in the events of that turning point in our nation's history.'"

Unfortunately, the plan was not carried out, apparently because of World War II-related concerns. Sheldon noted in the April-June 1942 Nebraska History magazine (printed in 1943) that "the Great Populist convention of 1892" would have been fittingly celebrated in Omaha the previous year "but for the war."


Watch the video: Το έργο των Φιλελευθέρων 1910-1912 ιστορία (June 2022).


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